Andorra Flag Icon

Andorra Country Guide

Explore Andorra in Europe

Andorra with the capital city Andorra la Vella is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains). It covers some 469 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 88,815 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys. The average density of population is approximately 190 per km². The notable climate conditions in Andorra can be described as temperate with snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers. Potential threats by nature are avalanches.

To reach someone in Andorra dial +376 prior to a number. There are 37,900 installed telephones. And there are 64,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ad". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Andorra

Three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red, with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the latter band is slightly wider than the other two so that the ratio of band widths is 8:9:8; the coat of arms features a quartered shield with the emblems of (starting in the upper left and proceeding clockwise): Urgell, Foix, Bearn, and Catalonia; the motto reads VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (Strength United is Stronger); the flag combines the blue and red French colors with the red and yellow of Spain to show Franco-Spanish protection
note: similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem.

The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees Mountains between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Seu d''Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified, with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. In the late 20th century, Andorra became a popular tourist destination. An estimated 10 million people visit each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty free goods. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its banking facilities, low taxes, and lack of customs duties. However, recent economic hardships have required Andorra to start taxing foreign investments and to implement stricter economic policies. Andorra is not a member of the European Union, but enjoys a special relationship with it and uses the Euro as its national currency.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Spain, France
Capital: Andorra la Vella
Size 468 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 181 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 88,815
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ad
Telephone Country Prefix +376
Mobile Phone Connections 64,500
Landline Phone Connections 37,900

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 468 (sq km) 196

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 85,293 200
Population growth rate 0.22 (%) 176
Birth rate 8.88 (births/1,000 population) 211
Death rate 6.67 (deaths/1,000 population) 144
Infant mortality rate 3.73 (deaths/1,000 live births) 204
Life expectancy at birth 82.58 (years) 6
Total fertility rate 1.37 (children born/woman) 209
Health expenditures 7.50 (% of GDP) 72
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.20 (%) 58
Education expenditures 2.90 (% of GDP) 143


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 3,163,000,000 180
GDP - real growth rate -1.60 (%) 205
GDP - per capita (PPP) 37,200 36
Labor force 36,060 201
Unemployment rate 2.90 (%) 22
Taxes and other revenues 8.4 (% of GDP) 212
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.40 (% of GDP) 68
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.10 (%) 10
Exports 70,000,000 193
Imports 1,430,000,000 171


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 91,240,000 (kWh) 198
Electricity - consumption 562,400,000 (kWh) 167
Electricity - exports 1,000,000 (kWh) 87
Electricity - imports 587,000,000 (kWh) 74


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 38,400 169
Telephones - mobile cellular 65,000 197
Internet hosts 28,383 109
Internet users 67,100 171


Value name Value World Rank
Roadways 320 (km) 203

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley
The cultural landscape of Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley offers a microcosmic perspective of the way people have harvested the resources of the high Pyrenees over millennia. Its dramatic glacial landscapes of craggy cliffs and glaciers, with high open ...