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Angola Country Guide

Explore Angola in Africa

Angola with the capital city Luanda is located in Africa (Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 1,246,701 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Texas) with 12,531,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau. The average density of population is approximately 10 per km². The notable climate conditions in Angola can be described as semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda with north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April). Potential natural disasters are locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau.

To reach someone in Angola dial +244 prior to a number. There are 303,200 installed telephones. And there are 8,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ao". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Angola

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty, black the African continent, the symbols characterize workers and peasants.

Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA''s insurgency and cemented the MPLA''s hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zambia, Republic of the Congo
Capital: Luanda
Size 1,246,700 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 481,354 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Population 12,531,000
Currency Name: Kwanza, Currency Code: AOA
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ao
Telephone Country Prefix +244
Mobile Phone Connections 8,109,000
Landline Phone Connections 303,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 1,246,700 (sq km) 23

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 18,565,269 59
Population growth rate 2.78 (%) 18
Birth rate 39.16 (births/1,000 population) 10
Death rate 11.86 (deaths/1,000 population) 29
Net migration rate 0.49 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 66
Maternal mortality rate 450.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 24
Infant mortality rate 81.75 (deaths/1,000 live births) 8
Life expectancy at birth 54.95 (years) 203
Total fertility rate 5.49 (children born/woman) 10
Health expenditures 2.90 (% of GDP) 180
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.00 (%) 30
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200,000 27
HIV/AIDS - deaths 11,000 25
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.40 (%) 147
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 15.60 (%) 50
Education expenditures 3.50 (% of GDP) 127

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 130,400,000,000 66
GDP - real growth rate 8.40 (%) 14
GDP - per capita (PPP) 6,500 144
Labor force 8,468,000 56
Investment (gross fixed) 13.30 (% of GDP) 142
Taxes and other revenues 47.2 (% of GDP) 20
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 11.60 (% of GDP) 6
Public debt 17.10 (% of GDP) 135
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 10.30 (%) 200
Central bank discount rate 30.00 (%) 2
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.76 (%) 21
Stock of narrow money 12,930,000,000 72
Stock of broad money 44,650,000,000 69
Stock of domestic credit 27,120,000,000 73
Industrial production growth rate 5.00 (%) 59
Current account balance 17,090,000,000 21
Exports 71,950,000,000 50
Imports 22,320,000,000 74
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 34,630,000,000 48
Debt - external 19,650,000,000 81
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 115,500,000,000 36
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 8,196,000,000 55

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 4,080,000,000 (kWh) 123
Electricity - consumption 3,659,000,000 (kWh) 125
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1155000 (kW) 121
Electricity - from fossil fuels 56.9 (% of total installed capacity) 143
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 43.1 (% of total installed capacity) 51
Crude oil - production 1,840,000 (bbl/day) 17
Crude oil - exports 1,757,000 (bbl/day) 9
Crude oil - proved reserves 15000000000 (bbl) 16
Refined petroleum products - production 37,310 (bbl/day) 89
Refined petroleum products - consumption 79,430 (bbl/day) 87
Refined petroleum products - exports 31,050 (bbl/day) 67
Refined petroleum products - imports 41,480 (bbl/day) 75
Natural gas - production 734,000,000 (cu m) 69
Natural gas - consumption 733,000,000 (cu m) 96
Natural gas - proved reserves 310,000,000,000 (cu m) 39
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 24,200,000 (Mt) 80

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 303,200 115
Telephones - mobile cellular 9,491,000 78
Internet hosts 20,703 116
Internet users 606,700 114

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 176 33
Railways 2,764 (km) 59
Roadways 51,429 (km) 77
Waterways 1,300 (km) 55
Merchant marine 7 123

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.00 (% of GDP) 40

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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