Anguilla Flag Icon

Anguilla Country Guide

Explore Anguilla in North America

Anguilla with the capital city The Valley is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 103 square kilometres (about one-half the size of Washington, DC) with 13,254 citizens.

Interactive map of Anguilla

The landscape offers flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone. The average density of population is approximately 130 per km². The notable climate conditions in Anguilla can be described as tropical with moderated by northeast trade winds. Potential threats by nature are frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October).

To reach someone in Anguilla dial +1-264 prior to a number. There are 6,300 installed telephones. And there are 27,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ai". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 110V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Anguilla

Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength.

Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

National administrative regions of Anguilla

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: The Valley
Size 102 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 39 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Population 13,254
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: XCD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ai
Telephone Country Prefix +1-264
Mobile Phone Connections 27,000
Landline Phone Connections 6,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 91 (sq km) 227

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 15,754 220
Population growth rate 2.11 (%) 46
Birth rate 12.82 (births/1,000 population) 154
Death rate 4.44 (deaths/1,000 population) 202
Net migration rate 12.70 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 10
Infant mortality rate 3.42 (deaths/1,000 live births) 212
Life expectancy at birth 81.09 (years) 20
Total fertility rate 1.75 (children born/woman) 165
Education expenditures 3.50 (% of GDP) 128


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 175,400,000 221
GDP - real growth rate -8.50 (%) 219
GDP - per capita (PPP) 12,200 105
Labor force 6,049 220
Unemployment rate 8.00 (%) 90
Taxes and other revenues 13.0 (% of GDP) 200
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 0.20 (% of GDP) 38
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.50 (%) 126
Central bank discount rate 6.50 (%) 52
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.29 (%) 95
Stock of narrow money 18,200,000 189
Stock of broad money 383,300,000 184
Stock of domestic credit 514,700,000 170
Current account balance -68,370,000 66
Exports 12,650,000 211
Imports 138,600,000 207
Debt - external 8,800,000 198


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 6,200 207
Telephones - mobile cellular 26,000 208
Internet hosts 269 193
Internet users 3,700 208


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 3 197
Roadways 175 (km) 210

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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