Antigua and Barbuda Flag Icon

Antigua and Barbuda Country Guide

Explore Antigua and Barbuda in North America

Antigua and Barbuda with the capital city St. John's is located in North America (Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 444 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 69,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas. The average density of population is approximately 156 per km². The notable climate conditions in Antigua and Barbuda can be described as tropical maritime with little seasonal temperature variation. Potential threats by nature are hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October) or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Antigua and Barbuda dial +1-268 prior to a number. There are 37,400 installed telephones. And there are 134,900 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850, 900, 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ag". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Antigua and Barbuda

Red, with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top), light blue, and white, with a yellow rising sun in the black band; the sun symbolizes the dawn of a new era, black represents the African heritage of most of the population, blue is for hope, and red is for the dynamism of the people; the "V" stands for victory; the successive yellow, blue, and white coloring is also meant to evoke the country's tourist attractions of sun, sea, and sand.

The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: St. John's
Size 443 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 171 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 69,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: XCD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ag
Telephone Country Prefix +1-268
Mobile Phone Connections 134,900
Landline Phone Connections 37,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 443 (sq km) 201

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 90,156 198
Population growth rate 1.26 (%) 93
Birth rate 16.07 (births/1,000 population) 124
Death rate 5.70 (deaths/1,000 population) 171
Net migration rate 2.26 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 38
Infant mortality rate 13.72 (deaths/1,000 live births) 122
Life expectancy at birth 75.91 (years) 87
Total fertility rate 2.04 (children born/woman) 124
Health expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 105
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.60 (%) 52
Education expenditures 2.50 (% of GDP) 160
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 19.9 (%) 59


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,605,000,000 195
GDP - real growth rate 1.60 (%) 144
GDP - per capita (PPP) 18,300 75
Labor force 30,000 206
Unemployment rate 11.00 (%) 116
Taxes and other revenues 19.5 (% of GDP) 168
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.40 (% of GDP) 164
Public debt 130.00 (% of GDP) 5
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.40 (%) 21
Central bank discount rate 6.50 (%) 49
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.93 (%) 78
Stock of narrow money 215,600,000 177
Stock of broad money 1,131,000,000 167
Stock of domestic credit 1,185,000,000 153
Current account balance -200,000,000 77
Exports 37,900,000 202
Imports 400,000,000 192
Debt - external 441,200,000 174


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 115,000,000 (kWh) 194
Electricity - consumption 107,000,000 (kWh) 195
Electricity - installed generating capacity 27000 (kW) 192
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 1
Refined petroleum products - consumption 5,000 (bbl/day) 169
Refined petroleum products - exports 240 (bbl/day) 118
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,662 (bbl/day) 159
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 718,800 (Mt) 176


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 35,500 172
Telephones - mobile cellular 176,000 182
Internet hosts 11,532 130
Internet users 65,000 172


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 3 192
Roadways 1,165 (km) 181
Merchant marine 1,257 9


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.30 (% of GDP) 36

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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