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Argentina Country Guide

Explore Argentina in South America

Argentina with the capital city Buenos Aires is located in South America (Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 2,766,891 square kilometres (slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US) with 40,677,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border. The average density of population is approximately 15 per km². The notable climate conditions in Argentina can be described as mostly temperate with arid in southeast, subantarctic in southwest. Possible natural disasters include San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes or pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast or heavy flooding in some areas.

To reach someone in Argentina dial +54 prior to a number. There are 9,764,000 installed telephones. And there are 51,891,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ar". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Argentina

Three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina''s history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. In January 2013, Argentina assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil
Capital: Buenos Aires
Size 2,766,890 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,068,302 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US
Population 40,677,000
Currency Name: Peso, Currency Code: ARS
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ar
Telephone Country Prefix +54
Mobile Phone Connections 51,891,000
Landline Phone Connections 9,764,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 2,780,400 (sq km) 8

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 42,610,981 32
Population growth rate 0.98 (%) 118
Birth rate 17.12 (births/1,000 population) 113
Death rate 7.35 (deaths/1,000 population) 119
Maternal mortality rate 77.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 84
Infant mortality rate 10.24 (deaths/1,000 live births) 143
Life expectancy at birth 77.32 (years) 68
Total fertility rate 2.27 (children born/woman) 97
Health expenditures 8.10 (% of GDP) 58
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.50 (%) 69
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 110,000 39
HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,900 46
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 29.70 (%) 29
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.30 (%) 113
Education expenditures 5.80 (% of GDP) 44
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 18.7 (%) 66


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 755,300,000,000 23
GDP - real growth rate 1.90 (%) 141
GDP - per capita (PPP) 18,400 74
Labor force 17,070,000 36
Unemployment rate 7.20 (%) 79
Distribution of family income - Gini index 46 36
Investment (gross fixed) 19.20 (% of GDP) 109
Taxes and other revenues 24.7 (% of GDP) 127
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.20 (% of GDP) 116
Public debt 41.60 (% of GDP) 87
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 25.00 (%) 219
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.09 (%) 56
Stock of narrow money 60,660,000,000 45
Stock of broad money 148,600,000,000 50
Stock of domestic credit 158,700,000,000 45
Market value of publicly traded shares 63,910,000,000 50
Industrial production growth rate 6.50 (%) 44
Current account balance 1,433,000,000 40
Exports 85,360,000,000 45
Imports 67,330,000,000 45
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 41,200,000,000 45
Debt - external 141,100,000,000 36
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 100,400,000,000 40
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 32,730,000,000 41


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 116,000,000,000 (kWh) 33
Electricity - consumption 104,200,000,000 (kWh) 32
Electricity - exports 1,701,000,000 (kWh) 45
Electricity - imports 10,300,000,000 (kWh) 22
Electricity - installed generating capacity 32070000 (kW) 27
Electricity - from fossil fuels 65.4 (% of total installed capacity) 125
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 3.2 (% of total installed capacity) 26
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 28.3 (% of total installed capacity) 80
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 98
Crude oil - production 734,000 (bbl/day) 27
Crude oil - exports 93,600 (bbl/day) 39
Crude oil - proved reserves 2820000000 (bbl) 33
Refined petroleum products - production 604,200 (bbl/day) 31
Refined petroleum products - consumption 678,100 (bbl/day) 28
Refined petroleum products - exports 66,700 (bbl/day) 52
Refined petroleum products - imports 37,260 (bbl/day) 79
Natural gas - production 40,100,000,000 (cu m) 26
Natural gas - consumption 43,290,000,000 (cu m) 23
Natural gas - exports 420,000,000 (cu m) 43
Natural gas - imports 3,610,000,000 (cu m) 39
Natural gas - proved reserves 378,800,000,000 (cu m) 37
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 169,800,000 (Mt) 32


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 10,140,000 22
Telephones - mobile cellular 55,000,000 24
Internet hosts 11,232,000 13
Internet users 13,694,000 28


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1,149 6
Railways 36,966 (km) 8
Roadways 231,374 (km) 21
Waterways 11,000 (km) 11
Merchant marine 36 80


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.50 (% of GDP) 163

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas
The Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas, contains an exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. It takes its name (Cave of the Hands) from the stencilled outlines of human hands in the cave, but there are also many ...
Iguazu National Park
The semicircular waterfall at the heart of this site is some 80 m high and 2,700 m in diameter and is situated on a basaltic line spanning the border between Argentina and Brazil. Made up of many cascades producing vast sprays of water, it is one of ...
Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks
These two contiguous parks, extending over 275,300 ha in the desert region on the western border of the Sierra Pampeanas of central Argentina, contain the most complete continental fossil record known from the Triassic Period (245-208 million years a ...
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba
The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farm ...
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)
The ruins of São Miguel das Missões in Brazil, and those of San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina, lie at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the impressive remains of five Jesuit missio ...
Los Glaciares National Park
The Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, which is 160 km long. At its farthest end, three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into ...
Península Valdés
Península Valdés in Patagonia is a site of global significance for the conservation of marine mammals. It is home to an important breeding population of the endangered southern right whale as well as important breeding populations of southern eleph ...
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System
This site is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defence network of roads covering 30,000 km. Constructed by the Incas over several centuries and partly based on pre-Inca infrastructure, this extraordinary network through one of the world’s ...
Quebrada de Humahuaca
Quebrada de Humahuaca follows the line of a major cultural route, the Camino Inca, along the spectacular valley of the Rio Grande, from its source in the cold high desert plateau of the High Andean lands to its confluence with the Rio Leone some 150 ...