Aruba Flag Icon

Aruba Country Guide

Explore Aruba in North America

Aruba with the capital city Oranjestad is located in North America (Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 194 square kilometres (slightly larger than Washington, DC) with 71,566 citizens.

Interactive map of Aruba

The landscape offers flat with a few hills and scant vegetation. The average density of population is approximately 371 per km². The notable climate conditions in Aruba can be described as tropical marine with little seasonal temperature variation. Potential threats by nature are hurricanes or lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt and being rarely threatened.

To reach someone in Aruba dial +297 prior to a number. There are 38,300 installed telephones. And there are 128,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800, 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".aw". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 127V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Aruba

Blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner; the star represents Aruba and its red soil and white beaches, its four points the four major languages (Papiamento, Dutch, Spanish, English) as well as the four points of a compass, to indicate that its inhabitants come from all over the world; the blue symbolizes Caribbean waters and skies; the stripes represent the island's two main "industries": the flow of tourists to the sun-drenched beaches and the flow of minerals from the earth.

Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

National administrative regions of Aruba

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Oranjestad
Size 193 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 75 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Washington, DC
Population 71,566
Currency Name: Guilder, Currency Code: AWG
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .aw
Telephone Country Prefix +297
Mobile Phone Connections 128,000
Landline Phone Connections 38,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 180 (sq km) 218

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 109,153 190
Population growth rate 1.39 (%) 87
Birth rate 12.72 (births/1,000 population) 155
Death rate 8.00 (deaths/1,000 population) 97
Net migration rate 9.16 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 12
Infant mortality rate 12.12 (deaths/1,000 live births) 129
Life expectancy at birth 76.14 (years) 85
Total fertility rate 1.84 (children born/woman) 149
Education expenditures 6.70 (% of GDP) 26
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 23.2 (%) 42


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,516,000,000 186
GDP - real growth rate 2.40 (%) 126
GDP - per capita (PPP) 25,300 62
Labor force 51,610 190
Unemployment rate 6.90 (%) 73
Taxes and other revenues 22.6 (% of GDP) 137
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.60 (% of GDP) 184
Public debt 46.30 (% of GDP) 75
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.30 (%) 43
Central bank discount rate 3.00 (%) 102
Commercial bank prime lending rate 9.00 (%) 101
Stock of narrow money 868,500,000 151
Stock of broad money 1,765,000,000 153
Stock of domestic credit 1,448,000,000 147
Exports 2,758,000,000 133
Imports 3,476,000,000 142
Debt - external 533,400,000 170


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 880,000,000 (kWh) 150
Electricity - consumption 818,400,000 (kWh) 154
Electricity - installed generating capacity 266000 (kW) 151
Electricity - from fossil fuels 88.7 (% of total installed capacity) 78
Electricity - from other renewable sources 11.3 (% of total installed capacity) 22
Crude oil - imports 227,000 (bbl/day) 30
Refined petroleum products - production 205,400 (bbl/day) 55
Refined petroleum products - consumption 5,661 (bbl/day) 164
Refined petroleum products - exports 205,400 (bbl/day) 32
Refined petroleum products - imports 6,646 (bbl/day) 144
Natural gas - production 1 (cu m) 95
Natural gas - consumption 1 (cu m) 114
Natural gas - exports 1 (cu m) 51
Natural gas - imports 1 (cu m) 78
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,241,000 (Mt) 162


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 35,000 174
Telephones - mobile cellular 131,800 186
Internet hosts 40,560 101
Internet users 24,000 188


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 210

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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