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Austria Country Guide

Explore Austria in Europe

Austria with the capital city Vienna is located in Europe (Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia). It covers some 83,859 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maine) with 8,205,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps) with along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping. The average density of population is approximately 98 per km². The notable climate conditions in Austria can be described as temperate with continental, cloudy, cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains, moderate summers with occasional showers. Possible natural disasters include landslides or avalanches or earthquakes.

To reach someone in Austria dial +43 prior to a number. There are 3,253,000 installed telephones. And there are 11,773,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".at". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Austria

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red; the flag design is certainly one of the oldest - if not the oldest - national banners in the world; according to tradition, in 1191, following a fierce battle in the Third Crusade, Duke Leopold V of Austria's white tunic became completely blood-spattered; upon removal of his wide belt or sash, a white band was revealed; the red-white-red color combination was subsequently adopted as his banner.

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria''s independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country''s "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union''s collapse in 1991 and Austria''s entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Switzerland, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Italy, Slovenia, Liechtenstein
Capital: Vienna
Size 83,858 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 32,378 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maine
Population 8,205,000
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .at
Telephone Country Prefix +43
Mobile Phone Connections 11,773,000
Landline Phone Connections 3,253,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 83,871 (sq km) 114

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 8,221,646 94
Population growth rate 0.02 (%) 190
Birth rate 8.73 (births/1,000 population) 213
Death rate 10.31 (deaths/1,000 population) 45
Net migration rate 1.78 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 45
Maternal mortality rate 4.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 179
Infant mortality rate 4.21 (deaths/1,000 live births) 196
Life expectancy at birth 80.04 (years) 33
Total fertility rate 1.42 (children born/woman) 201
Health expenditures 11.00 (% of GDP) 21
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 91
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 15,000 84
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 121
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 20.90 (%) 93
Education expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 39
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.3 (%) 118

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 364,900,000,000 38
GDP - real growth rate 0.80 (%) 166
GDP - per capita (PPP) 43,100 21
Labor force 4,434,000 86
Unemployment rate 4.30 (%) 36
Distribution of family income - Gini index 26 128
Investment (gross fixed) 22.00 (% of GDP) 72
Taxes and other revenues 48.1 (% of GDP) 18
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.10 (% of GDP) 113
Public debt 74.60 (% of GDP) 33
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.60 (%) 58
Commercial bank prime lending rate 3.30 (%) 174
Stock of narrow money 194,800,000,000 19
Stock of broad money 426,500,000,000 25
Stock of domestic credit 549,000,000,000 24
Market value of publicly traded shares 88,600,000,000 43
Industrial production growth rate 7.50 (%) 31
Current account balance 8,090,000,000 27
Exports 163,100,000,000 30
Imports 170,500,000,000 29
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 26,500,000,000 52
Debt - external 808,100,000,000 19
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 151,500,000,000 29
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 204,200,000,000 22

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 69,000,000,000 (kWh) 41
Electricity - consumption 63,800,000,000 (kWh) 41
Electricity - exports 16,750,000,000 (kWh) 11
Electricity - imports 24,980,000,000 (kWh) 8
Electricity - installed generating capacity 21110000 (kW) 36
Electricity - from fossil fuels 27.5 (% of total installed capacity) 184
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 59.6 (% of total installed capacity) 32
Electricity - from other renewable sources 12.8 (% of total installed capacity) 17
Crude oil - production 17,630 (bbl/day) 74
Crude oil - imports 139,000 (bbl/day) 44
Crude oil - proved reserves 85000000 (bbl) 76
Refined petroleum products - production 159,200 (bbl/day) 65
Refined petroleum products - consumption 210,700 (bbl/day) 56
Refined petroleum products - exports 43,010 (bbl/day) 63
Refined petroleum products - imports 117,100 (bbl/day) 44
Natural gas - production 1,600,000,000 (cu m) 60
Natural gas - consumption 9,270,000,000 (cu m) 50
Natural gas - exports 4,960,000,000 (cu m) 32
Natural gas - imports 14,280,000,000 (cu m) 21
Natural gas - proved reserves 23,900,000,000 (cu m) 76
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 71,000,000 (Mt) 47

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 3,388,000 48
Telephones - mobile cellular 13,023,000 60
Internet hosts 3,512,000 30
Internet users 6,143,000 43

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 52 90
Railways 6,399 (km) 29
Roadways 124,508 (km) 37
Waterways 358 (km) 90
Merchant marine 3 134

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.80 (% of GDP) 147

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
The City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg bear witness to an exemplary model of the living heritage of a central European urban complex influenced by the secular presence of the Habsburgs and the cultural and artistic role played by ...
1999
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
The Fertö/Neusiedler Lake area has been the meeting place of different cultures for eight millennia. This is graphically demonstrated by its varied landscape, the result of an evolutionary symbiosis between human activity and the physical environmen ...
2001
Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape
Human activity in the magnificent natural landscape of the Salzkammergut began in prehistoric times, with the salt deposits being exploited as early as the 2nd millennium BC. This resource formed the basis of the area’s prosperity up to the middle ...
1997
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Salzburg has managed to preserve an extraordinarily rich urban fabric, developed over the period from the Middle Ages to the 19th century when it was a city-state ruled by a prince-archbishop. Its Flamboyant Gothic art attracted many craftsmen and ar ...
1996
Historic Centre of Vienna
Vienna developed from early Celtic and Roman settlements into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It played an essential role as a leading European music centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through t ...
2001
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
From the 18th century to 1918, Schönbrunn was the residence of the Habsburg emperors. It was designed by the architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Nicolaus Pacassi and is full of outstanding examples of decorative art. Together with its ...
1996
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
This serial property of 111 small individual sites encompasses the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. Excavations, onl ...
2011
Semmering Railway
The Semmering Railway, built over 41 km of high mountains between 1848 and 1854, is one of the greatest feats of civil engineering from this pioneering phase of railway building. The high standard of the tunnels, viaducts and other works has ensured ...
1998
Wachau Cultural Landscape
The Wachau is a stretch of the Danube Valley between Melk and Krems, a landscape of high visual quality. It preserves in an intact and visible form many traces - in terms of architecture, (monasteries, castles, ruins), urban design, (towns and villag ...
2000