Bahamas Flag Icon

Bahamas Country Guide

Explore Bahamas in North America

Bahamas with the capital city Nassau is located in North America (Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 13,941 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 301,790 citizens.

Interactive map of Bahamas

The topography includes long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills. The average density of population is approximately 22 per km². The notable climate conditions in Bahamas can be described as tropical marine with moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream. Possible natural disasters include hurricanes and other tropical storms cause extensive flood and wind damage.

To reach someone in Bahamas dial +1-242 prior to a number. There are 129,000 installed telephones. And there are 358,800 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bs". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Bahamas

Three equal horizontal bands of aquamarine (top), gold, and aquamarine, with a black equilateral triangle based on the hoist side; the band colors represent the golden beaches of the islands surrounded by the aquamarine sea; black represents the vigor and force of a united people, while the pointing triangle indicates the enterprise and determination of the Bahamian people to develop the rich resources of land and sea.

Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism, international banking, and investment management. Because of its geography, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Nassau
Size 13,940 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 5,382 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Connecticut
Population 301,790
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: BSD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .bs
Telephone Country Prefix +1-242
Mobile Phone Connections 358,800
Landline Phone Connections 129,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 13,880 (sq km) 161

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 319,031 178
Population growth rate 0.89 (%) 126
Birth rate 15.81 (births/1,000 population) 125
Death rate 6.96 (deaths/1,000 population) 133
Maternal mortality rate 47.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 111
Infant mortality rate 12.89 (deaths/1,000 live births) 126
Life expectancy at birth 71.69 (years) 141
Total fertility rate 1.97 (children born/woman) 132
Health expenditures 7.90 (% of GDP) 63
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.10 (%) 24
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 6,600 114
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 98
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 34.70 (%) 13
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 18.9 (%) 63


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 11,240,000,000 151
GDP - real growth rate 2.50 (%) 122
GDP - per capita (PPP) 31,900 45
Labor force 192,200 173
Unemployment rate 14.00 (%) 137
Taxes and other revenues 19.9 (% of GDP) 163
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.50 (% of GDP) 96
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.80 (%) 70
Central bank discount rate 4.00 (%) 95
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.06 (%) 157
Stock of narrow money 1,436,000,000 135
Stock of broad money 6,482,000,000 119
Stock of domestic credit 9,000,000,000 103
Current account balance -1,139,000,000 116
Exports 790,000,000 164
Imports 2,882,000,000 150
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,095,000,000 133
Debt - external 16,680,000,000 83


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 1,930,000,000 (kWh) 135
Electricity - consumption 1,790,000,000 (kWh) 142
Electricity - installed generating capacity 490000 (kW) 138
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 7
Refined petroleum products - consumption 36,300 (bbl/day) 113
Refined petroleum products - exports 41,610 (bbl/day) 64
Refined petroleum products - imports 64,600 (bbl/day) 60
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,573,000 (Mt) 120


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 133,000 140
Telephones - mobile cellular 298,800 173
Internet hosts 20,661 117
Internet users 115,800 156


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 61 81
Roadways 2,717 (km) 169
Merchant marine 1,160 10


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 156

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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