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Belarus Country Guide

Explore Belarus in Europe

Belarus with the capital city Minsk is located in Europe (Eastern Europe, east of Poland). It covers some 207,601 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Kansas) with 9,685,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Belarus

The landscape offers generally flat and contains much marshland. The average density of population is approximately 47 per km². The notable climate conditions in Belarus can be described as cold winters, cool and moist summers with transitional between continental and maritime. Potential threats by nature are NA.

To reach someone in Belarus dial +375 prior to a number. There are 3,969,000 installed telephones. And there are 9,686,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".by". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Belarus

Red horizontal band (top) and green horizontal band one-half the width of the red band; a white vertical stripe on the hoist side bears Belarusian national ornamentation in red; the red band color recalls past struggles from oppression, the green band represents hope and the many forests of the country.

After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place. Since his election in July 1994 as the country's first president, Aleksandr LUKASHENKO has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means. Government restrictions on freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion remain in place.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Russia, Latvia
Capital: Minsk
Size 207,600 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 80,155 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Kansas
Population 9,685,000
Currency Name: Ruble, Currency Code: BYR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .by
Telephone Country Prefix +375
Mobile Phone Connections 9,686,000
Landline Phone Connections 3,969,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 207,600 (sq km) 86

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 9,625,888 90
Population growth rate -0.18 (%) 210
Birth rate 10.99 (births/1,000 population) 174
Death rate 13.68 (deaths/1,000 population) 13
Net migration rate 0.85 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 61
Maternal mortality rate 190.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 57
Infant mortality rate 3.67 (deaths/1,000 live births) 206
Life expectancy at birth 71.81 (years) 140
Total fertility rate 1.46 (children born/woman) 193
Health expenditures 5.60 (% of GDP) 119
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 89
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 17,000 82
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 68
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.30 (%) 65
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.30 (%) 126
Education expenditures 5.30 (% of GDP) 62


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 149,200,000,000 63
GDP - real growth rate 1.50 (%) 147
GDP - per capita (PPP) 15,900 85
Labor force 5,000,000 77
Unemployment rate 1.00 (%) 6
Distribution of family income - Gini index 27 125
Investment (gross fixed) 35.80 (% of GDP) 11
Taxes and other revenues 33.9 (% of GDP) 69
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.00 (% of GDP) 62
Public debt 30.00 (% of GDP) 115
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 70.00 (%) 223
Central bank discount rate 13.50 (%) 14
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.58 (%) 59
Stock of narrow money 5,213,000,000 98
Stock of broad money 13,320,000,000 95
Stock of domestic credit 31,340,000,000 72
Industrial production growth rate 10.50 (%) 9
Current account balance -3,067,000,000 150
Exports 46,600,000,000 62
Imports 48,180,000,000 55
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 5,624,000,000 86
Debt - external 34,120,000,000 69


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 28,550,000,000 (kWh) 66
Electricity - consumption 29,540,000,000 (kWh) 62
Electricity - exports 3,933,000,000 (kWh) 32
Electricity - imports 8,404,000,000 (kWh) 28
Electricity - installed generating capacity 8032000 (kW) 63
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 50
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 0.2 (% of total installed capacity) 148
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 96
Crude oil - production 30,000 (bbl/day) 67
Crude oil - exports 34,320 (bbl/day) 50
Crude oil - imports 431,300 (bbl/day) 19
Crude oil - proved reserves 198000000 (bbl) 63
Refined petroleum products - production 427,800 (bbl/day) 36
Refined petroleum products - consumption 188,800 (bbl/day) 60
Refined petroleum products - exports 302,000 (bbl/day) 24
Refined petroleum products - imports 39,660 (bbl/day) 76
Natural gas - production 220,000,000 (cu m) 77
Natural gas - consumption 21,820,000,000 (cu m) 35
Natural gas - imports 21,600,000,000 (cu m) 17
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,832,000,000 (cu m) 96
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 68,240,000 (Mt) 50


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 4,208,000 41
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,695,000 71
Internet hosts 295,217 64
Internet users 2,643,000 69


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 65 76
Railways 5,537 (km) 32
Roadways 86,392 (km) 53
Waterways 2,500 (km) 36


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.40 (% of GDP) 107

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh
The Architectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh is located in central Belarus. The Radziwill dynasty, who built and kept the ensemble from the 16th century until 1939, gave birth to some of the most important pe ...
Białowieża Forest
This is an extension of and new proposal for the Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża transboudary site on the border between Poland and Belarus, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1979. Situated on the watershed of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea, ...
Mir Castle Complex
The construction of this castle began at the end of the 15th century, in Gothic style. It was subsequently extended and reconstructed, first in the Renaissance and then in the Baroque style. After being abandoned for nearly a century and suffering se ...
Struve Geodetic Arc
The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhel ...