Bermuda Flag Icon

Bermuda Country Guide

Explore Bermuda in North America

Bermuda with the capital city Hamilton is located in North America (North America, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 54 square kilometres (about one-third the size of Washington, DC) with 65,365 citizens.

Interactive map of Bermuda

The landscape offers low hills separated by fertile depressions. The average density of population is approximately 1,233 per km². The notable climate conditions in Bermuda can be described as subtropical with mild, humid, gales, strong winds common in winter. Potential threats by nature are hurricanes (June to November).

To reach someone in Bermuda dial +1-441 prior to a number. There are 57,700 installed telephones. And there are 85,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Bermuda

Red, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (a white shield with a red lion standing on a green grassy field holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag; it was the shipwreck of the vessel, filled with English colonists originally bound for Virginia, that led to settling of Bermuda
note: the flag is unusual in that it is only British overseas territory that uses a red ensign, all others use blue.

Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: Hamilton
Size 53 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 20 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Population 65,365
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: BMD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .bm
Telephone Country Prefix +1-441
Mobile Phone Connections 85,000
Landline Phone Connections 57,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 54 (sq km) 232

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 69,467 203
Population growth rate 0.55 (%) 147
Birth rate 11.39 (births/1,000 population) 169
Death rate 7.90 (deaths/1,000 population) 104
Net migration rate 1.99 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 42
Infant mortality rate 2.47 (deaths/1,000 live births) 222
Life expectancy at birth 80.93 (years) 22
Total fertility rate 1.96 (children born/woman) 134
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 90
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 163 160
HIV/AIDS - deaths 392 99
Education expenditures 2.60 (% of GDP) 154
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 10.8 (%) 104


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 5,600,000,000 168
GDP - real growth rate -3.50 (%) 214
GDP - per capita (PPP) 86,000 3
Labor force 37,400 200
Unemployment rate 8.00 (%) 91
Taxes and other revenues 17.4 (% of GDP) 182
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.50 (% of GDP) 95
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.40 (%) 47
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,436,000,000 102
Exports 15,000,000 210
Imports 950,000,000 177
Debt - external 1,400,000,000 149


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 716,800,000 (kWh) 156
Electricity - consumption 636,500,000 (kWh) 163
Electricity - installed generating capacity 165000 (kW) 157
Electricity - from fossil fuels 98.2 (% of total installed capacity) 61
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.8 (% of total installed capacity) 61
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,747 (bbl/day) 186
Refined petroleum products - imports 2,747 (bbl/day) 171
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 812,800 (Mt) 171


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 57,800 160
Telephones - mobile cellular 88,200 194
Internet hosts 20,040 119
Internet users 54,000 173


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 212
Roadways 447 (km) 197
Merchant marine 139 41


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.11 (% of GDP) 169

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since