Brunei Flag Icon

Brunei Country Guide

Explore Brunei in Asia

Brunei with the capital city Bandar Seri Begawan is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia). It covers some 5,771 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Delaware) with 381,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east having hilly lowland in west. The average density of population is approximately 66 per km². The notable climate conditions in Brunei can be described as tropical with hot, humid, rainy. Potential natural disasters are typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are rare.

To reach someone in Brunei dial +673 prior to a number. There are 80,500 installed telephones. And there are 425,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bn". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Brunei

Yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national emblem in red is superimposed at the center; yellow is the color of royalty and symbolizes the sultanate; the white and black bands denote Brunei's chief ministers; the emblem includes five main components: a swallow-tailed flag, the royal umbrella representing the monarchy, the wings of four feathers symbolizing justice, tranquility, prosperity, and peace, the two upraised hands signifying the government's pledge to preserve and promote the welfare of the people, and the crescent moon denoting Islam, the state religion; the state motto "Always render service with God's guidance" appears in yellow Arabic script on the crescent; a ribbon below the crescent reads "Brunei, the Abode of Peace".

The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.

National administrative regions of Brunei

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Malaysia
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Size 5,770 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 2,228 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Delaware
Population 381,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: BND
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .bn
Telephone Country Prefix +673
Mobile Phone Connections 425,000
Landline Phone Connections 80,500

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 5,765 (sq km) 173

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 415,717 174
Population growth rate 1.67 (%) 70
Birth rate 17.63 (births/1,000 population) 106
Death rate 3.43 (deaths/1,000 population) 214
Net migration rate 2.51 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 33
Maternal mortality rate 24.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 134
Infant mortality rate 10.81 (deaths/1,000 live births) 139
Life expectancy at birth 76.57 (years) 76
Total fertility rate 1.83 (children born/woman) 151
Health expenditures 2.80 (% of GDP) 182
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 119
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200 157
HIV/AIDS - deaths 200 102
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.50 (%) 141
Education expenditures 3.30 (% of GDP) 133


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 22,040,000,000 127
GDP - real growth rate 1.30 (%) 155
GDP - per capita (PPP) 55,300 11
Labor force 205,800 169
Unemployment rate 2.60 (%) 21
Taxes and other revenues 48.1 (% of GDP) 17
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 24.20 (% of GDP) 1
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.20 (%) 17
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.50 (%) 149
Stock of narrow money 3,594,000,000 113
Stock of broad money 11,620,000,000 102
Stock of domestic credit 4,032,000,000 121
Industrial production growth rate -5.40 (%) 164
Current account balance 3,977,000,000 30
Exports 12,750,000,000 83
Imports 3,020,000,000 148


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 3,723,000,000 (kWh) 126
Electricity - consumption 3,391,000,000 (kWh) 131
Electricity - installed generating capacity 894000 (kW) 125
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 9
Crude oil - production 166,000 (bbl/day) 42
Crude oil - exports 155,000 (bbl/day) 34
Crude oil - proved reserves 1100000000 (bbl) 41
Refined petroleum products - production 14,720 (bbl/day) 102
Refined petroleum products - consumption 14,640 (bbl/day) 145
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,016 (bbl/day) 194
Natural gas - production 11,800,000,000 (cu m) 41
Natural gas - consumption 2,970,000,000 (cu m) 73
Natural gas - exports 8,830,000,000 (cu m) 23
Natural gas - proved reserves 390,800,000,000 (cu m) 35
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 8,271,000 (Mt) 107


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 79,800 151
Telephones - mobile cellular 443,200 168
Internet hosts 49,457 96
Internet users 314,900 128


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 213
Roadways 3,029 (km) 166
Waterways 209 (km) 97
Merchant marine 9 115


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.40 (% of GDP) 59

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since