Burundi Flag Icon

Burundi Country Guide

Explore Burundi in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Burundi with the capital city Bujumbura is located in Africa (Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo). It covers some 27,831 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 8,691,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Burundi

The landscape offers hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains. The average density of population is approximately 312 per km². The notable climate conditions in Burundi can be described as equatorial with high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level), average annual temperature varying with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but being generally moderate as the average altitude being about 1,700 m, average annual rainfall being about 150 cm, two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January). Potential threats by nature are flooding or landslides or drought.

To reach someone in Burundi dial +257 prior to a number. There are 31,500 installed telephones. And there are 838,400 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".bi". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Burundi

Divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and fly side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below); green symbolizes hope and optimism, white purity and peace, and red the blood shed in the struggle for independence; the three stars in the disk represent the three major ethnic groups: Hutu, Twa, Tutsi, as well as the three elements in the national motto: unity, work, progress.

Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
Capital: Bujumbura
Size 27,830 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,745 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 8,691,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: BIF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .bi
Telephone Country Prefix +257
Mobile Phone Connections 838,400
Landline Phone Connections 31,500

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 27,830 (sq km) 147

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 10,888,321 78
Population growth rate 3.08 (%) 6
Birth rate 40.04 (births/1,000 population) 7
Death rate 9.12 (deaths/1,000 population) 65
Net migration rate -0.17 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 116
Maternal mortality rate 800.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 5
Infant mortality rate 58.86 (deaths/1,000 live births) 26
Life expectancy at birth 59.69 (years) 194
Total fertility rate 5.99 (children born/woman) 6
Health expenditures 11.60 (% of GDP) 12
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.30 (%) 21
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 180,000 28
HIV/AIDS - deaths 15,000 19
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 2.90 (%) 176
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 35.20 (%) 7
Education expenditures 6.10 (% of GDP) 36


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 5,578,000,000 169
GDP - real growth rate 4.00 (%) 81
GDP - per capita (PPP) 600 226
Labor force 4,245,000 90
Distribution of family income - Gini index 42 50
Investment (gross fixed) 21.70 (% of GDP) 76
Taxes and other revenues 19.1 (% of GDP) 170
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.40 (% of GDP) 122
Public debt 72.30 (% of GDP) 36
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 16.00 (%) 214
Central bank discount rate 10.00 (%) 23
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.33 (%) 62
Stock of narrow money 372,400,000 167
Stock of broad money 519,000,000 176
Stock of domestic credit 642,700,000 167
Industrial production growth rate 7.00 (%) 39
Current account balance -337,400,000 86
Exports 107,400,000 189
Imports 569,700,000 189
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 335,800,000 153
Debt - external 231,700,000 185


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 127,000,000 (kWh) 190
Electricity - consumption 198,100,000 (kWh) 185
Electricity - imports 80,000,000 (kWh) 95
Electricity - installed generating capacity 52000 (kW) 182
Electricity - from fossil fuels 1.9 (% of total installed capacity) 203
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 98.1 (% of total installed capacity) 7
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,290 (bbl/day) 188
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,334 (bbl/day) 189
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 527,800 (Mt) 179


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 30,000 177
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,915,000 141
Internet hosts 229 199
Internet users 157,800 147


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 7 165
Roadways 12,322 (km) 129


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 5.90 (% of GDP) 12

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since