Cameroon Flag Icon

Cameroon Country Guide

Explore Cameroon in Africa

Cameroon with the capital city Yaoundé is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 475,441 square kilometres (slightly larger than California) with 18,467,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Cameroon

The landscape offers diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north. The average density of population is approximately 39 per km². The notable climate conditions in Cameroon can be described as varying with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north. Potential threats by nature are volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes.

To reach someone in Cameroon dial +237 prior to a number. There are 323,800 installed telephones. And there are 7,397,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Cameroon

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow, with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; the vertical tricolor recalls the flag of France; red symbolizes unity, yellow the sun, happiness, and the savannahs in the north, and green hope and the forests in the south; the star is referred to as the "star of unity"
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.

French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Chad, Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of the Congo, Nigeria
Capital: Yaoundé
Size 475,440 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 183,568 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than California
Population 18,467,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cm
Telephone Country Prefix +237
Mobile Phone Connections 7,397,000
Landline Phone Connections 323,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 475,440 (sq km) 54

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 20,549,221 58
Population growth rate 2.04 (%) 49
Birth rate 31.93 (births/1,000 population) 36
Death rate 11.51 (deaths/1,000 population) 31
Maternal mortality rate 690.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 9
Infant mortality rate 58.51 (deaths/1,000 live births) 28
Life expectancy at birth 55.02 (years) 202
Total fertility rate 4.00 (children born/woman) 40
Health expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 140
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 5.30 (%) 13
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 610,000 14
HIV/AIDS - deaths 37,000 11
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 10.30 (%) 130
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 16.60 (%) 45
Education expenditures 3.20 (% of GDP) 137


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 51,610,000,000 95
GDP - real growth rate 4.70 (%) 70
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,400 186
Labor force 8,264,000 57
Unemployment rate 30.00 (%) 178
Distribution of family income - Gini index 45 43
Investment (gross fixed) 19.80 (% of GDP) 100
Taxes and other revenues 21.0 (% of GDP) 157
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.50 (% of GDP) 71
Public debt 14.70 (% of GDP) 137
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.90 (%) 75
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.00 (%) 57
Stock of narrow money 3,973,000,000 109
Stock of broad money 6,279,000,000 121
Stock of domestic credit 2,810,000,000 132
Industrial production growth rate 4.00 (%) 75
Current account balance -946,400,000 110
Exports 6,538,000,000 104
Imports 6,597,000,000 115
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,851,000,000 100
Debt - external 3,343,000,000 132


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 5,589,000,000 (kWh) 115
Electricity - consumption 5,049,000,000 (kWh) 113
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1115000 (kW) 122
Electricity - from fossil fuels 27.8 (% of total installed capacity) 183
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 72.2 (% of total installed capacity) 21
Crude oil - production 61,580 (bbl/day) 57
Crude oil - exports 64,740 (bbl/day) 44
Crude oil - imports 32,490 (bbl/day) 64
Crude oil - proved reserves 200000000 (bbl) 61
Refined petroleum products - production 42,520 (bbl/day) 87
Refined petroleum products - consumption 29,410 (bbl/day) 116
Refined petroleum products - exports 17,470 (bbl/day) 77
Refined petroleum products - imports 5,715 (bbl/day) 151
Natural gas - production 20,000,000 (cu m) 89
Natural gas - consumption 20,000,000 (cu m) 113
Natural gas - proved reserves 135,100,000,000 (cu m) 50
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 7,361,000 (Mt) 111


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 669,000 90
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,486,000 72
Internet hosts 10,207 134
Internet users 749,600 106


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 34 112
Railways 1,245 (km) 82
Roadways 50,000 (km) 78


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.30 (% of GDP) 111

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Dja Faunal Reserve
This is one of the largest and best-protected rainforests in Africa, with 90% of its area left undisturbed. Almost completely surrounded by the Dja River, which forms a natural boundary, the reserve is especially noted for its biodiversity and a wide ...
Sangha Trinational
Situated in the north-western Congo Basin, where Cameroon, Central African Republic and Congo meet, the site encompasses three contiguous national parks totalling around 750,000 ha. Much of the site is unaffected by human activity and features a wid ...