Chad Flag Icon

Chad Country Guide

Explore Chad in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service has marked this country as DO NOT TRAVEL. This means that travelling this country can result in potentially life-threatening situations! If you really have to go: Check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Chad with the capital city N'Djamena is located in Africa (Central Africa, south of Libya). It covers some 1,284,001 square kilometres (slightly more than three times the size of California) with 10,111,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south. The average density of population is approximately 8 per km². The notable climate conditions in Chad can be described as tropical in south, desert in north. Possible natural disasters include hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north or periodic droughts or locust plagues.

To reach someone in Chad dial +235 prior to a number. There are 13,000 installed telephones. And there are 2,686,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".td". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Chad

Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the flag combines the blue and red French (former colonial) colors with the red and yellow of the Pan-African colors; blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and the south of the country, which is relatively well-watered; yellow represents the sun, as well as the desert in the north of the country; red stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice
note: similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flags of Andorra and Moldova, both of which have a national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France.

Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare, as well as invasions by Libya, before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the insurgents. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant insurrection in early 2008, but has had no significant rebel threats since then, in part due to Chad's 2010 rapprochement with Sudan, which previously used Chadian rebels as proxies. DEBY in 2011 was reelected to his fourth term in an election that international observers described as proceeding without incident. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Niger, Libya, Central African Republic, Sudan, Cameroon, Nigeria
Capital: N'Djamena
Size 1,284,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 495,755 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than three times the size of California
Population 10,111,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .td
Telephone Country Prefix +235
Mobile Phone Connections 2,686,000
Landline Phone Connections 13,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 1,284,000 (sq km) 21

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 11,193,452 74
Population growth rate 1.95 (%) 57
Birth rate 37.99 (births/1,000 population) 15
Death rate 14.85 (deaths/1,000 population) 4
Net migration rate -3.64 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 186
Maternal mortality rate 1100.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 1
Infant mortality rate 91.94 (deaths/1,000 live births) 6
Life expectancy at birth 49.07 (years) 223
Total fertility rate 4.80 (children born/woman) 24
Health expenditures 4.50 (% of GDP) 153
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.40 (%) 19
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 210,000 26
HIV/AIDS - deaths 11,000 24
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 2.70 (%) 177
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 33.90 (%) 9
Education expenditures 2.90 (% of GDP) 146


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 21,000,000,000 129
GDP - real growth rate 5.00 (%) 62
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,000 194
Labor force 4,293,000 89
Investment (gross fixed) 26.80 (% of GDP) 34
Taxes and other revenues 26.2 (% of GDP) 111
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.80 (% of GDP) 154
Public debt 36.90 (% of GDP) 98
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.00 (%) 137
Central bank discount rate 4.75 (%) 78
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.00 (%) 46
Stock of narrow money 1,416,000,000 136
Stock of broad money 1,642,000,000 156
Stock of domestic credit 700,500,000 165
Industrial production growth rate 3.00 (%) 92
Current account balance -1,965,000,000 136
Exports 4,951,000,000 114
Imports 3,936,000,000 138
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 799,700,000 144
Debt - external 1,749,000,000 144


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 95,000,000 (kWh) 197
Electricity - consumption 88,350,000 (kWh) 198
Electricity - installed generating capacity 31000 (kW) 191
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 10
Crude oil - production 123,700 (bbl/day) 47
Crude oil - exports 115,000 (bbl/day) 37
Crude oil - proved reserves 1500000000 (bbl) 37
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,817 (bbl/day) 191
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,754 (bbl/day) 182
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 290,900 (Mt) 190


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 31,200 175
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,666,000 119
Internet hosts 6 230
Internet users 168,100 145


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 58 83
Roadways 40,000 (km) 88


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.60 (% of GDP) 89

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Lakes of Ounianga
The site includes eighteen interconnected lakes in the hyper arid Ennedi region of the Sahara desert covering an area of 62,808 ha. It constitutes an exceptional natural landscape of great beauty with striking colours and shapes. The saline, hyper s ...