Christmas Island Flag Icon

Christmas Island Country Guide

Explore Christmas Island in Asia

Christmas Island with the capital city The Settlement is located in Asia. It covers some 136 square kilometres with 361 citizens.

Interactive map of Christmas Island

The average density of population is approximately 3 per km².

To reach someone in Christmas Island dial +61 prior to a number. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cx". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Christmas Island

Territorial flag; divided diagonally from upper hoist to lower fly; the upper triangle is green with a yellow image of the Golden Bosun Bird superimposed; the lower triangle is blue with the Southern Cross constellation, representing Australia, superimposed; a centered yellow disk displays a green map of the island
note: the flag of Australia is used for official purposes.

Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits. Following the Second World War, Christmas Island came under the jurisdiction of the new British Colony of Singapore. The island existed as a separate Crown colony from 1 January 1958 to 1 October 1958 when its transfer to Australian jurisdiction was finalized. That date is still celebrated on the first Monday in October as Territory Day. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

National administrative regions of Christmas Island

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Capital: The Settlement
Size 135 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 52 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
Population 361
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: AUD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cx
Telephone Country Prefix +61
Mobile Phone Connections 0
Landline Phone Connections 0

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 135 (sq km) 222

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,513 234
Population growth rate 1.12 (%) 105
Birth rate -9.00 (births/1,000 population) 225
Death rate -9.00 (deaths/1,000 population) 226
Net migration rate -999.00 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 223


Value name Value World Rank
Internet hosts 3,028 155
Internet users 464 217


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 223
Railways 18 (km) 133
Roadways 140 (km) 211

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since