Comoros Flag Icon

Comoros Country Guide

Explore Comoros in Africa

Comoros with the capital city Moroni is located in Africa (Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel). It covers some 2,171 square kilometres (slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC) with 731,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Comoros

The landscape offers volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills. The average density of population is approximately 337 per km². The notable climate conditions in Comoros can be described as tropical marine with rainy season (November to May). Potential threats by nature are cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April) or volcanic activity on Grand Comore.

To reach someone in Comoros dial +269 prior to a number. There are 25,400 installed telephones. And there are 100,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".km". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Comoros

Four equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue, with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent with the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically in a line between the points of the crescent; the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago - Mwali, N'gazidja, Ndzuwani, and Mahore (Mayotte - territorial collectivity of France, but claimed by Comoros)
note: the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam.

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power of the entire government in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 federal presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union of Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros'' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade to Anjouan, but in March 2008 the AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The island''s inhabitants generally welcomed the move. In May 2011, Ikililou DHOININE won the presidency in peaceful elections widely deemed to be free and fair.

National administrative regions of Comoros

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Capital: Moroni
Size 2,170 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 838 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 731,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: KMF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .km
Telephone Country Prefix +269
Mobile Phone Connections 100,000
Landline Phone Connections 25,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 2,235 (sq km) 180

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 752,288 163
Population growth rate 1.97 (%) 52
Birth rate 30.26 (births/1,000 population) 42
Death rate 7.97 (deaths/1,000 population) 101
Net migration rate -2.63 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 171
Maternal mortality rate 280.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 42
Infant mortality rate 67.12 (deaths/1,000 live births) 21
Life expectancy at birth 63.12 (years) 183
Total fertility rate 3.93 (children born/woman) 42
Health expenditures 4.50 (% of GDP) 152
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 122
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 500 152
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 126
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.40 (%) 164
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 25.00 (%) 25
Education expenditures 7.60 (% of GDP) 17


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 887,400,000 207
GDP - real growth rate 2.50 (%) 123
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,300 209
Labor force 268,500 166
Unemployment rate 20.00 (%) 159
Taxes and other revenues 21.1 (% of GDP) 156
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.60 (% of GDP) 54
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.00 (%) 157
Central bank discount rate 2.21 (%) 110
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.50 (%) 84
Stock of narrow money 135,000,000 181
Stock of broad money 212,100,000 186
Stock of domestic credit 139,800,000 185
Current account balance -67,000,000 65
Exports 27,500,000 204
Imports 211,200,000 206
Debt - external 279,300,000 180


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 52,000,000 (kWh) 206
Electricity - consumption 48,360,000 (kWh) 206
Electricity - installed generating capacity 6000 (kW) 206
Electricity - from fossil fuels 83.3 (% of total installed capacity) 89
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 16.7 (% of total installed capacity) 101
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,025 (bbl/day) 200
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,009 (bbl/day) 195
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 149,600 (Mt) 200


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 23,600 185
Telephones - mobile cellular 216,400 180
Internet hosts 14 226
Internet users 24,300 187


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 4 186
Roadways 880 (km) 185
Merchant marine 149 39


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.80 (% of GDP) 45

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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