Cook Islands Flag Icon

Cook Islands Country Guide

Explore Cook Islands in Oceania

Cook Islands with the capital city Avarua is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 241 square kilometres (1.3 times the size of Washington, DC) with 21,388 citizens.

Interactive map of Cook Islands

The landscape offers low coral atolls in north and volcanic, hilly islands in south. The average density of population is approximately 89 per km². The notable climate conditions in Cook Islands can be described as tropical oceanic with moderated by trade winds, a dry season from April to November and a more humid season from December to March. Potential threats by nature are typhoons (November to March).

To reach someone in Cook Islands dial +682 prior to a number. There are 6,900 installed telephones. And there are 7,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ck". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Cook Islands

Blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flag.

Named after Captain COOK, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965, residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.

National administrative regions of Cook Islands

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Avarua
Size 240 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 93 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 21,388
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: NZD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ck
Telephone Country Prefix +682
Mobile Phone Connections 7,000
Landline Phone Connections 6,900

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 236 (sq km) 215

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 10,447 225
Population growth rate -3.07 (%) 232
Birth rate 14.93 (births/1,000 population) 133
Death rate 7.66 (deaths/1,000 population) 110
Infant mortality rate 14.81 (deaths/1,000 live births) 112
Life expectancy at birth 75.15 (years) 96
Total fertility rate 2.31 (children born/woman) 96
Health expenditures 4.40 (% of GDP) 158
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 63.70 (%) 3
Education expenditures 3.20 (% of GDP) 138


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 183,200,000 220
GDP - real growth rate 0.10 (%) 179
GDP - per capita (PPP) 9,100 125
Labor force 6,820 219
Unemployment rate 13.10 (%) 135
Taxes and other revenues 38.7 (% of GDP) 48
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.00 (% of GDP) 29
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.20 (%) 38
Stock of narrow money 38,990,000 186
Stock of broad money 148,200,000 188
Industrial production growth rate 1.00 (%) 131
Current account balance 26,670,000 56
Exports 5,222,000 217
Imports 83,490,000 215
Debt - external 141,000,000 188


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 31,130,000 (kWh) 211
Electricity - consumption 28,950,000 (kWh) 211
Electricity - installed generating capacity 8090 (kW) 205
Electricity - from fossil fuels 98.9 (% of total installed capacity) 59
Electricity - from other renewable sources 1.1 (% of total installed capacity) 70
Refined petroleum products - consumption 974 (bbl/day) 206
Refined petroleum products - imports 485 (bbl/day) 203
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 302,000 (Mt) 188


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 7,200 205
Telephones - mobile cellular 7,800 211
Internet hosts 3,562 150
Internet users 6,000 205


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 11 154
Roadways 320 (km) 204
Merchant marine 35 81

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since