Croatia Flag Icon

Croatia Country Guide

Explore Croatia in Europe

Croatia with the capital city Zagreb is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea). It covers some 56,543 square kilometres (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with 4,491,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers geographically diverse and flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands. The average density of population is approximately 79 per km². The notable climate conditions in Croatia can be described as Mediterranean and continental with continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters, mild winters, dry summers along coast. Potential threats by nature are destructive earthquakes.

To reach someone in Croatia dial +385 prior to a number. There are 1,859,000 installed telephones. And there are 6,035,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".hr". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Croatia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue - the Pan-Slav colors - superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms; the coat of arms consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions, they are (from left to right): Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia
note: the Pan-Slav colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia.

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia
Capital: Zagreb
Size 56,542 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 21,831 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than West Virginia
Population 4,491,000
Currency Name: Kuna, Currency Code: HRK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hr
Telephone Country Prefix +385
Mobile Phone Connections 6,035,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,859,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 56,594 (sq km) 127

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 4,475,611 124
Population growth rate -0.11 (%) 206
Birth rate 9.53 (births/1,000 population) 200
Death rate 12.06 (deaths/1,000 population) 28
Net migration rate 1.47 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 49
Maternal mortality rate 17.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 142
Infant mortality rate 5.96 (deaths/1,000 live births) 173
Life expectancy at birth 76.20 (years) 81
Total fertility rate 1.45 (children born/woman) 197
Health expenditures 7.80 (% of GDP) 65
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 133
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 144
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 134
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.20 (%) 66
Education expenditures 4.40 (% of GDP) 97
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 36.1 (%) 15


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 79,690,000,000 82
GDP - real growth rate -2.00 (%) 209
GDP - per capita (PPP) 18,100 76
Labor force 1,745,000 127
Unemployment rate 20.40 (%) 162
Distribution of family income - Gini index 32 105
Investment (gross fixed) 18.40 (% of GDP) 115
Taxes and other revenues 33.8 (% of GDP) 70
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.00 (% of GDP) 110
Public debt 52.10 (% of GDP) 60
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.70 (%) 135
Central bank discount rate 7.00 (%) 42
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.67 (%) 120
Stock of narrow money 9,330,000,000 78
Stock of broad money 43,470,000,000 70
Stock of domestic credit 51,860,000,000 63
Market value of publicly traded shares 22,440,000,000 61
Industrial production growth rate -5.30 (%) 163
Current account balance -560,000,000 98
Exports 12,340,000,000 87
Imports 20,760,000,000 76
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 14,890,000,000 67
Debt - external 59,750,000,000 56
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 34,270,000,000 58
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 6,074,000,000 63


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 9,281,000,000 (kWh) 97
Electricity - consumption 16,700,000,000 (kWh) 73
Electricity - exports 1,380,000,000 (kWh) 48
Electricity - imports 8,799,000,000 (kWh) 25
Electricity - installed generating capacity 4021000 (kW) 79
Electricity - from fossil fuels 47.2 (% of total installed capacity) 162
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 44.7 (% of total installed capacity) 48
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.8 (% of total installed capacity) 72
Crude oil - production 28,230 (bbl/day) 68
Crude oil - imports 53,620 (bbl/day) 55
Crude oil - proved reserves 2960000 (bbl) 97
Refined petroleum products - production 77,020 (bbl/day) 81
Refined petroleum products - consumption 74,410 (bbl/day) 90
Refined petroleum products - exports 33,870 (bbl/day) 66
Refined petroleum products - imports 31,250 (bbl/day) 87
Natural gas - production 1,850,000,000 (cu m) 58
Natural gas - consumption 2,755,000,000 (cu m) 77
Natural gas - exports 222,000,000 (cu m) 44
Natural gas - imports 1,127,000,000 (cu m) 58
Natural gas - proved reserves 24,920,000,000 (cu m) 75
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 21,460,000 (Mt) 81


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,761,000 63
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,115,000 103
Internet hosts 729,420 50
Internet users 2,234,000 73


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 69 75
Railways 2,722 (km) 60
Roadways 29,343 (km) 98
Waterways 785 (km) 74
Merchant marine 77 57


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 94

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč
The group of religious monuments in Porec, where Christianity was established as early as the 4th century, constitutes the most complete surviving complex of its type. The basilica, atrium, baptistery and episcopal palace are outstanding examples of ...
Historic City of Trogir
Trogir is a remarkable example of urban continuity. The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications. ...
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian
The ruins of Diocletian's Palace, built between the late 3rd and the early 4th centuries A.D., can be found throughout the city. The cathedral was built in the Middle Ages, reusing materials from the ancient mausoleum. Twelfth- and 13th-century Roman ...
Old City of Dubrovnik
The 'Pearl of the Adriatic', situated on the Dalmatian coast, became an important Mediterranean sea power from the 13th century onwards. Although severely damaged by an earthquake in 1667, Dubrovnik managed to preserve its beautiful Gothic, Renaissan ...
Plitvice Lakes National Park
The waters flowing over the limestone and chalk have, over thousands of years, deposited travertine barriers, creating natural dams which in turn have created a series of beautiful lakes, caves and waterfalls. These geological processes continue toda ...
Stari Grad Plain
Stari Grad Plain on the Adriatic island of Hvar is a cultural landscape that has remained practically intact since it was first colonized by Ionian Greeks from Paros in the 4th century BC. The original agricultural activity of this fertile plain, mai ...
The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik
The Cathedral of St James in Šibenik (1431-1535), on the Dalmatian coast, bears witness to the considerable exchanges in the field of monumental arts between Northern Italy, Dalmatia and Tuscany in the 15th and 16th centuries. The three architects w ...