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Cyprus Country Guide

Explore Cyprus in Europe

Cyprus with the capital city Nicosia is located in Europe (Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 9,251 square kilometres (about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut) with 792,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Cyprus

The landscape offers central plain with mountains to north and south and scattered but significant plains along southern coast. The average density of population is approximately 86 per km². The notable climate conditions in Cyprus can be described as temperate with Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters. Potential threats by nature are moderate earthquake activity or droughts.

To reach someone in Cyprus dial +357 prior to a number. There are 414,500 installed telephones. And there are 977,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cy". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Cyprus

White with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities
note: the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" flag retains the white field of the Cyprus national flag but displays narrow horizontal red stripes positioned a small distance from the top and bottom edges between which are centered a red crescent and a red five-pointed star; the banner is modeled after the Turkish national flag but with the colors reversed.

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the two communities began discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The talks are ongoing. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Capital: Nicosia
Size 9,250 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 3,571 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
Population 792,000
Currency Name: Pound, Currency Code: CYP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cy
Telephone Country Prefix +357
Mobile Phone Connections 977,500
Landline Phone Connections 414,500

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 9,251 (sq km) 171

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,155,403 160
Population growth rate 1.52 (%) 77
Birth rate 11.45 (births/1,000 population) 168
Death rate 6.52 (deaths/1,000 population) 149
Net migration rate 10.31 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 11
Maternal mortality rate 10.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 154
Infant mortality rate 8.82 (deaths/1,000 live births) 153
Life expectancy at birth 78.17 (years) 55
Total fertility rate 1.46 (children born/woman) 195
Health expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 106
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 124
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 139
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.50 (%) 53
Education expenditures 7.90 (% of GDP) 13
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 22.3 (%) 47


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 24,000,000,000 125
GDP - real growth rate -2.40 (%) 212
GDP - per capita (PPP) 27,500 57
Labor force 416,900 159
Unemployment rate 8.00 (%) 93
Distribution of family income - Gini index 29 118
Investment (gross fixed) 16.80 (% of GDP) 125
Taxes and other revenues 41.9 (% of GDP) 37
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.10 (% of GDP) 139
Public debt 80.90 (% of GDP) 27
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.40 (%) 90
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 120
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.80 (%) 130
Stock of narrow money 14,730,000,000 67
Stock of broad money 56,250,000,000 66
Stock of domestic credit 51,190,000,000 64
Market value of publicly traded shares 6,834,000,000 78
Industrial production growth rate 0.70 (%) 137
Current account balance -1,963,000,000 135
Exports 1,889,000,000 144
Imports 7,716,000,000 108
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,207,000,000 130
Debt - external 106,500,000,000 46
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 29,380,000,000 61
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 13,620,000,000 51


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 4,887,000,000 (kWh) 120
Electricity - consumption 4,698,000,000 (kWh) 117
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1392000 (kW) 115
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 55
Electricity - from other renewable sources 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 86
Refined petroleum products - consumption 58,430 (bbl/day) 95
Refined petroleum products - imports 60,310 (bbl/day) 62
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 9,257,000 (Mt) 102


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 405,000 105
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,090,000 154
Internet hosts 252,013 67
Internet users 433,900 120


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 15 145
Roadways 14,671 (km) 122
Merchant marine 838 13


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 2.00 (% of GDP) 67

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
The Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia, occupied from the 7th to the 4th millennium B.C., is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the eastern Mediterranean. Its remains and the finds from the excavations there have thrown much light on th ...
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region
This region is characterized by one of the largest groups of churches and monasteries of the former Byzantine Empire. The complex of 10 monuments included on the World Heritage List, all richly decorated with murals, provides an overview of Byzantine ...
Paphos has been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Myceneans in the 12th centu ...