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Czech Republic Country Guide

Explore Czech Republic in Europe

Czech Republic with the capital city Prague is located in Europe (Central Europe, between Germany). It covers some 78,867 square kilometres (slightly smaller than South Carolina) with 10,220,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Czech Republic

The landscape offers Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains and Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country. The average density of population is approximately 130 per km². The notable climate conditions in Czech Republic can be described as temperate with cool summers, cold, cloudy, humid winters. Potential threats by nature are flooding.

To reach someone in Czech Republic dial +420 prior to a number. There are 2,092,000 installed telephones. And there are 14,258,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Czech Republic

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side
note: is identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia.

At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the Czech part of the country and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country''s leaders to liberalize Communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Poland, Germany, Slovakia, Austria
Capital: Prague
Size 78,866 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 30,450 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than South Carolina
Population 10,220,000
Currency Name: Koruna, Currency Code: CZK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cz
Telephone Country Prefix +420
Mobile Phone Connections 14,258,000
Landline Phone Connections 2,092,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 78,867 (sq km) 116

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 10,162,921 86
Population growth rate -0.15 (%) 209
Birth rate 8.55 (births/1,000 population) 216
Death rate 11.01 (deaths/1,000 population) 39
Net migration rate 0.98 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 56
Maternal mortality rate 5.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 174
Infant mortality rate 3.67 (deaths/1,000 live births) 207
Life expectancy at birth 77.56 (years) 64
Total fertility rate 1.29 (children born/woman) 214
Health expenditures 7.90 (% of GDP) 62
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 126
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,000 135
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 130
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 32.70 (%) 21
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 2.00 (%) 117
Education expenditures 4.40 (% of GDP) 95
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 21.3 (%) 55


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 291,700,000,000 45
GDP - real growth rate -1.20 (%) 200
GDP - per capita (PPP) 27,600 56
Labor force 5,545,000 71
Unemployment rate 8.60 (%) 98
Distribution of family income - Gini index 31 109
Investment (gross fixed) 24.40 (% of GDP) 57
Taxes and other revenues 41.4 (% of GDP) 38
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.20 (% of GDP) 117
Public debt 43.90 (% of GDP) 80
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.30 (%) 86
Central bank discount rate 0.75 (%) 134
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.72 (%) 145
Stock of narrow money 114,000,000,000 32
Stock of broad money 151,700,000,000 47
Stock of domestic credit 139,900,000,000 48
Market value of publicly traded shares 73,100,000,000 47
Industrial production growth rate 6.90 (%) 41
Current account balance -3,596,000,000 154
Exports 134,100,000,000 33
Imports 129,000,000,000 32
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 35,260,000,000 46
Debt - external 101,900,000,000 47
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 129,200,000,000 30
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 16,470,000,000 50


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 80,440,000,000 (kWh) 39
Electricity - consumption 58,880,000,000 (kWh) 43
Electricity - exports 21,590,000,000 (kWh) 7
Electricity - imports 6,642,000,000 (kWh) 34
Electricity - installed generating capacity 18320000 (kW) 39
Electricity - from fossil fuels 60.0 (% of total installed capacity) 137
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 20.9 (% of total installed capacity) 10
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 5.7 (% of total installed capacity) 125
Electricity - from other renewable sources 7.1 (% of total installed capacity) 28
Crude oil - production 9,162 (bbl/day) 82
Crude oil - exports 420 (bbl/day) 68
Crude oil - imports 143,700 (bbl/day) 42
Crude oil - proved reserves 15000000 (bbl) 89
Refined petroleum products - production 167,000 (bbl/day) 61
Refined petroleum products - consumption 199,000 (bbl/day) 59
Refined petroleum products - exports 25,060 (bbl/day) 72
Refined petroleum products - imports 65,560 (bbl/day) 59
Natural gas - production 185,000,000 (cu m) 78
Natural gas - consumption 8,944,000,000 (cu m) 52
Natural gas - exports 167,000,000 (cu m) 45
Natural gas - imports 9,319,000,000 (cu m) 26
Natural gas - proved reserves 3,964,000,000 (cu m) 93
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 90,830,000 (Mt) 41


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,289,000 55
Telephones - mobile cellular 13,000,000 61
Internet hosts 4,148,000 27
Internet users 6,681,000 40


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 128 45
Railways 9,469 (km) 22
Roadways 127,797 (km) 36
Waterways 664 (km) 77
Merchant marine 1 150


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.00 (% of GDP) 125

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
Kroměříž stands on the site of an earlier ford across the River Morava, at the foot of the Chriby mountain range which dominates the central part of Moravia. The gardens and castle of Kroměříž are an exceptionally complete and well-preserve ...
Historic Centre of Český Krumlov
Situated on the banks of the Vltava river, the town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. It is an outstanding example of a small central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained ...
Historic Centre of Prague
Built between the 11th and 18th centuries, the Old Town, the Lesser Town and the New Town speak of the great architectural and cultural influence enjoyed by this city since the Middle Ages. The many magnificent monuments, such as Hradcani Castle, St ...
Historic Centre of Telč
The houses in Telc, which stands on a hilltop, were originally built of wood. After a fire in the late 14th century, the town was rebuilt in stone, surrounded by walls and further strengthened by a network of artificial ponds. The town's Gothic castl ...
Holašovice Historical Village Reservation
Holašovice is an exceptionally complete and well-preserved example of a traditional central European village. It has a large number of outstanding 18th- and 19th-century vernacular buildings in a style known as 'South Bohemian folk Baroque', and pre ...
Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc
This memorial column, erected in the early years of the 18th century, is the most outstanding example of a type of monument specific to central Europe. In the characteristic regional style known as Olomouc Baroque and rising to a height of 35 m, it i ...
Jewish Quarter and St Procopius' Basilica in Třebíč
The ensemble of the Jewish Quarter, the old Jewish cemetery and the Basilica of St Procopius in Trebíc are reminders of the co-existence of Jewish and Christian cultures from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. The Jewish Quarter bears outstanding ...
Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
Kutná Hora developed as a result of the exploitation of the silver mines. In the 14th century it became a royal city endowed with monuments that symbolized its prosperity. The Church of St Barbara, a jewel of the late Gothic period, and the Cathedra ...
Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape
Between the 17th and 20th centuries, the ruling dukes of Liechtenstein transformed their domains in southern Moravia into a striking landscape. It married Baroque architecture (mainly the work of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach) and the classical ...
Litomyšl Castle
Litomyšl Castle was originally a Renaissance arcade-castle of the type first developed in Italy and then adopted and greatly developed in central Europe in the 16th century. Its design and decoration are particularly fine, including the later High-B ...
Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora
This pilgrimage church, built in honour of St John of Nepomuk, stands at Zelená Hora, not far from Ždár nad Sázavou in Moravia. Constructed at the beginning of the 18th century on a star-shaped plan, it is the most unusual work by the great archi ...
Tugendhat Villa in Brno
The Tugendhat Villa in Brno, designed by the architect Mies van der Rohe, is an outstanding example of the international style in the modern movement in architecture as it developed in Europe in the 1920s. Its particular value lies in the application ...