Denmark Flag Icon

Denmark Country Guide

Explore Denmark in Europe

Denmark with the capital city Copenhagen is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea). It covers some 43,095 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts) with 5,484,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Denmark

The landscape offers low and flat to gently rolling plains. The average density of population is approximately 127 per km². The notable climate conditions in Denmark can be described as temperate with humid and overcast, mild, windy winters and cool summers. Potential threats by nature are flooding being a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes.

To reach someone in Denmark dial +45 prior to a number. There are 2,062,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,406,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".dk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Denmark

Red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side; the banner is referred to as the Dannebrog (Danish flag) and is one of the oldest national flags in the world; traditions as to the origin of the flag design vary, but the best known is a legend that the banner fell from the sky during an early-13th century battle; caught up by the Danish king before it ever touched the earth, this heavenly talisman inspired the royal army to victory; in actuality, the flag may derive from a crusade banner or ensign
note: the shifted design element was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden.

Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Germany
Capital: Copenhagen
Size 43,094 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 16,639 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts
Population 5,484,000
Currency Name: Krone, Currency Code: DKK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .dk
Telephone Country Prefix +45
Mobile Phone Connections 7,406,000
Landline Phone Connections 2,062,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 43,094 (sq km) 134

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 5,556,452 111
Population growth rate 0.23 (%) 173
Birth rate 10.20 (births/1,000 population) 190
Death rate 10.21 (deaths/1,000 population) 48
Net migration rate 2.30 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 37
Maternal mortality rate 12.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 151
Infant mortality rate 4.14 (deaths/1,000 live births) 197
Life expectancy at birth 78.94 (years) 48
Total fertility rate 1.73 (children born/woman) 167
Health expenditures 11.40 (% of GDP) 14
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.20 (%) 97
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 5,300 118
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 128
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 18.20 (%) 107
Education expenditures 8.70 (% of GDP) 7
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 14.2 (%) 90


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 213,600,000,000 55
GDP - real growth rate -0.60 (%) 192
GDP - per capita (PPP) 38,300 32
Labor force 2,848,000 106
Unemployment rate 6.40 (%) 67
Distribution of family income - Gini index 25 132
Investment (gross fixed) 17.20 (% of GDP) 123
Taxes and other revenues 56.3 (% of GDP) 12
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.00 (% of GDP) 136
Public debt 45.30 (% of GDP) 76
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.60 (%) 61
Central bank discount rate 0.75 (%) 133
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.50 (%) 163
Stock of narrow money 134,200,000,000 27
Stock of broad money 230,800,000,000 37
Stock of domestic credit 664,700,000,000 23
Market value of publicly traded shares 231,700,000,000 31
Industrial production growth rate 1.90 (%) 118
Current account balance 18,600,000,000 20
Exports 110,800,000,000 37
Imports 97,910,000,000 36
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 85,050,000,000 26
Debt - external 587,600,000,000 24
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 120,700,000,000 34
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 222,200,000,000 20


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 36,390,000,000 (kWh) 62
Electricity - consumption 32,420,000,000 (kWh) 60
Electricity - exports 11,730,000,000 (kWh) 18
Electricity - imports 10,600,000,000 (kWh) 20
Electricity - installed generating capacity 13420000 (kW) 48
Electricity - from fossil fuels 65.8 (% of total installed capacity) 123
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 151
Electricity - from other renewable sources 34.2 (% of total installed capacity) 1
Crude oil - production 221,100 (bbl/day) 39
Crude oil - exports 171,100 (bbl/day) 33
Crude oil - imports 70,220 (bbl/day) 53
Crude oil - proved reserves 900000000 (bbl) 43
Refined petroleum products - production 158,500 (bbl/day) 66
Refined petroleum products - consumption 160,200 (bbl/day) 65
Refined petroleum products - exports 93,890 (bbl/day) 42
Refined petroleum products - imports 177,700 (bbl/day) 30
Natural gas - production 7,069,000,000 (cu m) 48
Natural gas - consumption 4,179,000,000 (cu m) 65
Natural gas - exports 3,126,000,000 (cu m) 35
Natural gas - imports 369,000,000 (cu m) 70
Natural gas - proved reserves 51,990,000,000 (cu m) 66
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 45,960,000 (Mt) 64


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,515,000 53
Telephones - mobile cellular 7,159,000 94
Internet hosts 4,297,000 25
Internet users 4,750,000 48


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 89 64
Railways 2,667 (km) 61
Roadways 73,197 (km) 62
Waterways 400 (km) 88
Merchant marine 367 27


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.30 (% of GDP) 112

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Ilulissat Icefjord
Located on the west coast of Greenland, 250 km north of the Arctic Circle, Greenland’s Ilulissat Icefjord (40,240 ha) is the sea mouth of Sermeq Kujalleq, one of the few glaciers through which the Greenland ice cap reaches the sea. Sermeq Kujalleq ...
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church
The Jelling burial mounds and one of the runic stones are striking examples of pagan Nordic culture, while the other runic stone and the church illustrate the Christianization of the Danish people towards the middle of the 10th century. ...
Kronborg Castle
Located on a strategically important site commanding the Sund, the stretch of water between Denmark and Sweden, the Royal castle of Kronborg at Helsingør (Elsinore) is of immense symbolic value to the Danish people and played a key role in the histo ...
Roskilde Cathedral
Built in the 12th and 13th centuries, this was Scandinavia's first Gothic cathedral to be built of brick and it encouraged the spread of this style throughout northern Europe. It has been the mausoleum of the Danish royal family since the 15th centur ...
Stevns Klint
This geological site comprises a 15 km-long fossil-rich coastal cliff, offering exceptional evidence of the impact of the Chicxulub meteorite that crashed into the planet at the end of the Cretaceous, about 65 million years ago. Researchers think t ...
Wadden Sea
This is an extension of the Dutch and German Wadden Sea site, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2009. The Wadden Sea is the largest unbroken system of intertidal sand and mud flats in the world. The complete extension now covers most of the Dan ...