Equatorial Guinea Flag Icon

Equatorial Guinea Country Guide

Explore Equatorial Guinea in Africa

Equatorial Guinea with the capital city Malabo is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra). It covers some 28,052 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Maryland) with 562,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Equatorial Guinea

The landscape offers coastal plains rise to interior hills and islands are volcanic. The average density of population is approximately 20 per km². The notable climate conditions in Equatorial Guinea can be described as tropical with always hot, humid. Potential threats by nature are violent windstorms or flash floods.

To reach someone in Equatorial Guinea dial +240 prior to a number. There are 10,000 installed telephones. And there are 445,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gq". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Equatorial Guinea

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice); green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence.

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO has ruled the country since 1979 when he seized power in a coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996, 2002, and 2009 presidential elections - as well as the 1999, 2004, and 2008 legislative elections - were widely seen as flawed. The president exerts almost total control over the political system and has discouraged political opposition. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter. Despite the country''s economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population''s living standards have been slow to develop.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Gabon, Cameroon
Capital: Malabo
Size 28,051 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 10,831 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Maryland
Population 562,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gq
Telephone Country Prefix +240
Mobile Phone Connections 445,000
Landline Phone Connections 10,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 28,051 (sq km) 146

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 704,001 166
Population growth rate 2.58 (%) 24
Birth rate 34.35 (births/1,000 population) 29
Death rate 8.59 (deaths/1,000 population) 78
Maternal mortality rate 240.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 46
Infant mortality rate 73.12 (deaths/1,000 live births) 14
Life expectancy at birth 63.12 (years) 184
Total fertility rate 4.74 (children born/woman) 25
Health expenditures 4.50 (% of GDP) 151
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 5.00 (%) 15
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 20,000 76
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 71
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 10.60 (%) 129
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 10.60 (%) 67
Education expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 173


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 19,600,000,000 132
GDP - real growth rate 2.00 (%) 133
GDP - per capita (PPP) 26,400 59
Labor force 195,200 172
Unemployment rate 22.30 (%) 166
Investment (gross fixed) 44.60 (% of GDP) 5
Taxes and other revenues 59.4 (% of GDP) 7
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 3.40 (% of GDP) 18
Public debt 4.30 (% of GDP) 151
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 163
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 88
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.00 (%) 47
Stock of narrow money 2,478,000,000 120
Stock of broad money 3,115,000,000 143
Stock of domestic credit 508,100,000 172
Industrial production growth rate 1.80 (%) 119
Current account balance 290,200,000 50
Exports 18,310,000,000 75
Imports 7,590,000,000 109
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,825,000,000 101
Debt - external 1,232,000,000 153


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 97,000,000 (kWh) 196
Electricity - consumption 90,210,000 (kWh) 197
Electricity - installed generating capacity 31000 (kW) 190
Electricity - from fossil fuels 96.8 (% of total installed capacity) 66
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 3.2 (% of total installed capacity) 130
Crude oil - production 302,500 (bbl/day) 35
Crude oil - exports 299,400 (bbl/day) 25
Crude oil - proved reserves 1100000000 (bbl) 40
Refined petroleum products - consumption 1,588 (bbl/day) 195
Refined petroleum products - exports 25,670 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,561 (bbl/day) 161
Natural gas - production 6,740,000,000 (cu m) 49
Natural gas - consumption 1,580,000,000 (cu m) 82
Natural gas - exports 5,160,000,000 (cu m) 31
Natural gas - proved reserves 36,810,000,000 (cu m) 70
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,005,000 (Mt) 123


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 13,500 198
Telephones - mobile cellular 426,000 169
Internet hosts 7 228
Internet users 14,400 200


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 7 166
Roadways 2,880 (km) 168
Merchant marine 5 124


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.10 (% of GDP) 170

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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