Falkland Islands Flag Icon

Falkland Islands Country Guide

Explore Falkland Islands in South America

Falkland Islands with the capital city Stanley is located in South America. It covers some 12,174 square kilometres with 2,638 citizens.

Interactive map of Falkland Islands

The average density of population is approximately 0 per km².

To reach someone in Falkland Islands dial +500 prior to a number. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".fk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Falkland Islands

Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT.

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.

National administrative regions of Falkland Islands

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: South America
Capital: Stanley
Size 12,173 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,700 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
Population 2,638
Currency Name: Pound, Currency Code: FKP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .fk
Telephone Country Prefix +500
Mobile Phone Connections 0
Landline Phone Connections 0

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 12,173 (sq km) 165

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 3,140 231
Population growth rate 0.01 (%) 191


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 164,500,000 222
GDP - per capita (PPP) 55,400 10
Labor force 5,246 221
Unemployment rate 4.10 (%) 34
Taxes and other revenues 40.8 (% of GDP) 40
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.00 (% of GDP) 158
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.20 (%) 14
Exports 125,000,000 188
Imports 90,000,000 214


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 19,000,000 (kWh) 214
Electricity - consumption 17,670,000 (kWh) 214
Electricity - installed generating capacity 10000 (kW) 204
Electricity - from fossil fuels 90.0 (% of total installed capacity) 76
Electricity - from other renewable sources 10.0 (% of total installed capacity) 23
Refined petroleum products - consumption 300 (bbl/day) 209
Refined petroleum products - imports 313 (bbl/day) 204
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 45,780 (Mt) 206


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,000 217
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,300 215
Internet hosts 110 207
Internet users 2,900 209


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 7 170
Roadways 440 (km) 198

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since