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Fiji Country Guide

Explore Fiji in Oceania

Fiji with the capital city Suva is located in Oceania (Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 18,271 square kilometres (slightly smaller than New Jersey) with 931,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features mostly mountains of volcanic origin. The average density of population is approximately 51 per km². The notable climate conditions in Fiji can be described as tropical marine with only slight seasonal temperature variation. Potential natural disasters are cyclonic storms can occur from November to January.

To reach someone in Fiji dial +679 prior to a number. There are 136,800 installed telephones. And there are 640,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".fj". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Fiji

Light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the blue symbolizes the Pacific ocean and the Union Jack reflects the links with Great Britain; the shield - taken from Fiji's coat of arms - depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George; the four quarters depict stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove.

Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and initially refused to hold elections. In 2012, he promised to hold elections in 2014.

National administrative regions of Fiji

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Suva
Size 18,270 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 7,054 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Population 931,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: FJD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .fj
Telephone Country Prefix +679
Mobile Phone Connections 640,000
Landline Phone Connections 136,800

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 18,274 (sq km) 157

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 896,758 161
Population growth rate 0.73 (%) 139
Birth rate 20.28 (births/1,000 population) 85
Death rate 5.96 (deaths/1,000 population) 164
Net migration rate -6.99 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 199
Maternal mortality rate 26.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 129
Infant mortality rate 10.46 (deaths/1,000 live births) 141
Life expectancy at birth 71.87 (years) 139
Total fertility rate 2.54 (children born/woman) 82
Health expenditures 4.90 (% of GDP) 146
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 128
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 141
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 132
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 30.60 (%) 25
Education expenditures 4.10 (% of GDP) 106


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 4,373,000,000 174
GDP - real growth rate 2.10 (%) 131
GDP - per capita (PPP) 4,900 162
Labor force 335,000 163
Unemployment rate 7.60 (%) 86
Taxes and other revenues 25.1 (% of GDP) 122
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.20 (% of GDP) 142
Public debt 47.90 (% of GDP) 70
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.70 (%) 133
Central bank discount rate 3.00 (%) 104
Commercial bank prime lending rate 7.47 (%) 123
Stock of narrow money 794,600,000 154
Stock of broad money 2,495,000,000 147
Stock of domestic credit 1,786,000,000 140
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,404,000,000 103
Industrial production growth rate -0.10 (%) 149
Current account balance -493,400,000 95
Exports 991,600,000 158
Imports 1,938,000,000 164
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,007,000,000 137
Debt - external 268,000,000 181


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 869,100,000 (kWh) 152
Electricity - consumption 753,400,000 (kWh) 158
Electricity - installed generating capacity 219100 (kW) 155
Electricity - from fossil fuels 54.8 (% of total installed capacity) 147
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 38.8 (% of total installed capacity) 57
Electricity - from other renewable sources 6.4 (% of total installed capacity) 32
Refined petroleum products - consumption 17,810 (bbl/day) 136
Refined petroleum products - exports 1,739 (bbl/day) 105
Refined petroleum products - imports 16,110 (bbl/day) 113
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,500,000 (Mt) 146


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 129,800 142
Telephones - mobile cellular 727,000 160
Internet hosts 21,739 115
Internet users 114,200 157


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 28 120
Railways 597 (km) 108
Roadways 3,440 (km) 162
Waterways 203 (km) 98
Merchant marine 11 108


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.60 (% of GDP) 88

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Levuka Historical Port Town
The town and its low line of buildings set among coconut and mango trees along the beach front was the first colonial capital of Fiji, ceded to the British in 1874. It developed from the early 19th century as a centre of commercial activity by Americ ...