French Polynesia Flag Icon

French Polynesia Country Guide

Explore French Polynesia in Oceania

French Polynesia with the capital city Papeete is located in Oceania (Oceania, archipelagoes in the South Pacific Ocean about half way between South America and Australia). It covers some 4,168 square kilometres (slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut) with 270,485 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs. The average density of population is approximately 65 per km². The notable climate conditions in French Polynesia can be described as tropical, but moderate. Potential threats by nature are occasional cyclonic storms in January.

To reach someone in French Polynesia dial +689 prior to a number. There are 54,300 installed telephones. And there are 208,300 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".pf". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of French Polynesia

Two red horizontal bands encase a wide white band in a 1:2:1 ratio; centered on the white band is a disk with a blue and white wave pattern depicting the sea on the lower half and a gold and white ray pattern depicting the sun on the upper half; a Polynesian canoe rides on the wave pattern; the canoe has a crew of five represented by five stars that symbolize the five island groups; red and white are traditional Polynesian colors
note: similar to the red-white-red flag of Tahiti, the largest of the islands in French Polynesia, which has no emblem in the white band; the flag of France is used for official occasions.

The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were halted in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Papeete
Size 4,167 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 1,609 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Population 270,485
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XPF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .pf
Telephone Country Prefix +689
Mobile Phone Connections 208,300
Landline Phone Connections 54,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 4,167 (sq km) 175

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 277,293 181
Population growth rate 1.00 (%) 115
Birth rate 15.70 (births/1,000 population) 127
Death rate 4.85 (deaths/1,000 population) 191
Net migration rate -0.91 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 146
Infant mortality rate 4.83 (deaths/1,000 live births) 181
Life expectancy at birth 76.59 (years) 75
Total fertility rate 1.97 (children born/woman) 133
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 33.2 (%) 18


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 5,650,000,000 167
GDP - real growth rate -0.40 (%) 189
GDP - per capita (PPP) 22,000 68
Labor force 116,000 181
Unemployment rate 11.70 (%) 124
Taxes and other revenues 15.3 (% of GDP) 190
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 3.90 (% of GDP) 17
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.10 (%) 12
Exports 200,000,000 185
Imports 2,200,000,000 161


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 725,000,000 (kWh) 155
Electricity - consumption 674,300,000 (kWh) 161
Electricity - installed generating capacity 140000 (kW) 161
Electricity - from fossil fuels 66.4 (% of total installed capacity) 118
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 33.6 (% of total installed capacity) 65
Refined petroleum products - consumption 8,000 (bbl/day) 159
Refined petroleum products - imports 7,246 (bbl/day) 139
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,221,000 (Mt) 163


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 55,000 162
Telephones - mobile cellular 222,800 177
Internet hosts 37,949 103
Internet users 120,000 153


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 53 86
Roadways 2,590 (km) 170
Merchant marine 12 107

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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