Gambia Flag Icon

Gambia Country Guide

Explore Gambia in Africa

Gambia with the capital city Banjul is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal). It covers some 11,301 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of Delaware) with 1,593,256 citizens.

Interactive map of Gambia

The landscape offers flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills. The average density of population is approximately 141 per km². The notable climate conditions in Gambia can be described as tropical with hot, rainy season (June to November), cooler, dry season (November to May). Potential threats by nature are drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years).

To reach someone in Gambia dial +220 prior to a number. There are 49,000 installed telephones. And there are 1,433,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Gambia

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green; red stands for the sun and the savannah, blue represents the Gambia River, and green symbolizes forests and agriculture; the white stripes denote unity and peace.

The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2011.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Senegal
Capital: Banjul
Size 11,300 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,363 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Population 1,593,256
Currency Name: Dalasi, Currency Code: GMD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gm
Telephone Country Prefix +220
Mobile Phone Connections 1,433,000
Landline Phone Connections 49,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 11,295 (sq km) 167

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 1,883,051 149
Population growth rate 2.29 (%) 37
Birth rate 32.59 (births/1,000 population) 33
Death rate 7.38 (deaths/1,000 population) 118
Net migration rate -2.34 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 167
Maternal mortality rate 360.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 28
Infant mortality rate 67.63 (deaths/1,000 live births) 20
Life expectancy at birth 64.09 (years) 176
Total fertility rate 3.98 (children born/woman) 41
Health expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 115
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 2.00 (%) 29
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 18,000 80
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,000 72
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.90 (%) 138
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 15.80 (%) 49
Education expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 112


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 3,459,000,000 178
GDP - real growth rate 3.90 (%) 82
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,900 195
Labor force 777,100 149
Distribution of family income - Gini index 50 22
Investment (gross fixed) 26.60 (% of GDP) 37
Taxes and other revenues 22.5 (% of GDP) 139
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.50 (% of GDP) 165
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 164
Central bank discount rate 11.00 (%) 21
Commercial bank prime lending rate 28.00 (%) 6
Stock of narrow money 224,300,000 176
Stock of broad money 512,200,000 177
Stock of domestic credit 400,000,000 177
Industrial production growth rate 8.90 (%) 18
Current account balance -155,500,000 73
Exports 103,300,000 190
Imports 354,100,000 195
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 225,300,000 158
Debt - external 545,800,000 168


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 240,000,000 (kWh) 178
Electricity - consumption 223,200,000 (kWh) 183
Electricity - installed generating capacity 53000 (kW) 181
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 13
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,181 (bbl/day) 179
Refined petroleum products - exports 42 (bbl/day) 121
Refined petroleum products - imports 2,913 (bbl/day) 169
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 291,000 (Mt) 189


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 50,400 163
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,400,000 147
Internet hosts 656 179
Internet users 130,100 150


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 216
Roadways 3,742 (km) 159
Waterways 390 (km) 89
Merchant marine 4 130


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.70 (% of GDP) 154

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Kunta Kinteh Island and Related Sites
James Island and Related Sites present a testimony to the main periods and facets of the encounter between Africa and Europe along the River Gambia, a continuum stretching from pre-colonial and pre-slavery times to independence. The site is particula ...
Stone Circles of Senegambia
The site consists of four large groups of stone circles that represent an extraordinary concentration of over 1,000 monuments in a band 100 km wide along some 350 km of the River Gambia. The four groups, Sine Ngayène, Wanar, Wassu and Kerbatch, cove ...