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Ghana Country Guide

Explore Ghana in Africa

Ghana with the capital city Accra is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 239,461 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Oregon) with 23,382,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Ghana

The topography includes mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area. The average density of population is approximately 98 per km². The notable climate conditions in Ghana can be described as tropical with warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast, hot and humid in southwest, hot and dry in north. Possible natural disasters include dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March or droughts.

To reach someone in Ghana dial +233 prior to a number. There are 267,400 installed telephones. And there are 15,109,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gh". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Ghana

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band.

Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009, but he died in July 2012 and was succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won a December 2012 special presidential election.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Ivory Coast, Togo, Burkina Faso
Capital: Accra
Size 239,460 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 92,456 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Oregon
Population 23,382,000
Currency Name: Cedi, Currency Code: GHC
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gh
Telephone Country Prefix +233
Mobile Phone Connections 15,109,000
Landline Phone Connections 267,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 238,533 (sq km) 82

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 25,199,609 48
Population growth rate 2.19 (%) 42
Birth rate 31.70 (births/1,000 population) 37
Death rate 7.53 (deaths/1,000 population) 114
Net migration rate -2.23 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 166
Maternal mortality rate 350.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 32
Infant mortality rate 39.70 (deaths/1,000 live births) 59
Life expectancy at birth 65.32 (years) 172
Total fertility rate 4.12 (children born/woman) 38
Health expenditures 5.20 (% of GDP) 130
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.80 (%) 32
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 260,000 23
HIV/AIDS - deaths 18,000 16
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 7.50 (%) 140
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 14.30 (%) 54
Education expenditures 8.20 (% of GDP) 12
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 16.6 (%) 80


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 83,740,000,000 79
GDP - real growth rate 7.00 (%) 27
GDP - per capita (PPP) 3,400 174
Labor force 11,670,000 47
Unemployment rate 11.00 (%) 117
Distribution of family income - Gini index 39 65
Investment (gross fixed) 25.10 (% of GDP) 52
Taxes and other revenues 21.5 (% of GDP) 153
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.10 (% of GDP) 174
Public debt 47.40 (% of GDP) 71
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 9.10 (%) 193
Central bank discount rate 17.00 (%) 8
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.20 (%) 23
Stock of narrow money 6,042,000,000 91
Stock of broad money 11,560,000,000 103
Stock of domestic credit 10,180,000,000 98
Market value of publicly traded shares 3,531,000,000 91
Industrial production growth rate 5.00 (%) 60
Current account balance -4,559,000,000 162
Exports 13,580,000,000 82
Imports 17,520,000,000 82
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 5,888,000,000 85
Debt - external 11,230,000,000 93


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 8,764,000,000 (kWh) 98
Electricity - consumption 6,122,000,000 (kWh) 105
Electricity - exports 752,000,000 (kWh) 57
Electricity - imports 198,000,000 (kWh) 88
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1985000 (kW) 102
Electricity - from fossil fuels 40.6 (% of total installed capacity) 169
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 59.4 (% of total installed capacity) 34
Crude oil - production 72,580 (bbl/day) 54
Crude oil - exports 14,000 (bbl/day) 55
Crude oil - imports 43,000 (bbl/day) 59
Crude oil - proved reserves 660000000 (bbl) 45
Refined petroleum products - production 27,260 (bbl/day) 93
Refined petroleum products - consumption 61,590 (bbl/day) 93
Refined petroleum products - exports 7,275 (bbl/day) 92
Refined petroleum products - imports 24,390 (bbl/day) 96
Natural gas - consumption 120,000,000 (cu m) 104
Natural gas - imports 120,000,000 (cu m) 73
Natural gas - proved reserves 22,650,000,000 (cu m) 77
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 10,580,000 (Mt) 100


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 284,700 119
Telephones - mobile cellular 21,166,000 46
Internet hosts 59,086 93
Internet users 1,297,000 93


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 10 157
Railways 947 (km) 91
Roadways 62,221 (km) 71
Waterways 1,293 (km) 57
Merchant marine 4 133


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.70 (% of GDP) 85

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Asante Traditional Buildings
To the north-east of Kumasi, these are the last material remains of the great Asante civilization, which reached its high point in the 18th century. Since the dwellings are made of earth, wood and straw, they are vulnerable to the onslaught of time a ...
Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions
The remains of fortified trading-posts, erected between 1482 and 1786, can still be seen along the coast of Ghana between Keta and Beyin. They were links in the trade routes established by the Portuguese in many areas of the world during their era of ...