Gibraltar Flag Icon

Gibraltar Country Guide

Explore Gibraltar in Europe

Gibraltar with the capital city Gibraltar is located in Europe (Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar). It covers some 8 square kilometres (more than 10 times the size of The National Mall in Washington, D.C.) with 27,884 citizens.

Interactive map of Gibraltar

The topography includes a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar. The average density of population is approximately 4,290 per km². The notable climate conditions in Gibraltar can be described as Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Gibraltar dial +350 prior to a number. There are 24,000 installed telephones. And there are 28,600 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gi". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Gibraltar

Two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band; the design is that of Gibraltar's coat of arms granted on 10 July 1502 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain; the castle symbolizes Gibraltar as a fortress, while the key represents Gibraltar's strategic importance - the key to the Mediterranean.

Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led to Spain closing the border and severing all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks with the aim of cooperatively resolving problems that affect the local population, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; communications and maritime security; policy, legal and customs services; environmental protection; and education and visa services. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar's claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols. A new noncolonial constitution came into effect in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar''s right to regulate its own tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability.

National administrative regions of Gibraltar

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Spain
Capital: Gibraltar
Size 7 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 3 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
more than 10 times the size of The National Mall in Washington, D.C.
Population 27,884
Currency Name: Pound, Currency Code: GIP
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gi
Telephone Country Prefix +350
Mobile Phone Connections 28,600
Landline Phone Connections 24,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 7 (sq km) 243

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 29,111 218
Population growth rate 0.26 (%) 171
Birth rate 14.19 (births/1,000 population) 139
Death rate 8.28 (deaths/1,000 population) 89
Net migration rate -3.30 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 178
Infant mortality rate 6.42 (deaths/1,000 live births) 166
Life expectancy at birth 78.98 (years) 47
Total fertility rate 1.93 (children born/woman) 136


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,275,000,000 201
GDP - real growth rate 6.00 (%) 47
GDP - per capita (PPP) 43,000 22
Labor force 12,690 215
Unemployment rate 3.00 (%) 24
Taxes and other revenues 43.0 (% of GDP) 35
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 2.10 (% of GDP) 22
Public debt 7.50 (% of GDP) 145
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.80 (%) 66
Exports 271,000,000 181
Imports 2,967,000,000 149


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 164,000,000 (kWh) 185
Electricity - consumption 152,500,000 (kWh) 190
Electricity - installed generating capacity 36000 (kW) 188
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 14
Refined petroleum products - consumption 24,920 (bbl/day) 123
Refined petroleum products - imports 27,000 (bbl/day) 91
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 3,908,000 (Mt) 130


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 24,000 184
Telephones - mobile cellular 32,500 205
Internet hosts 3,509 151
Internet users 20,200 193


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 1 217
Roadways 29 (km) 219
Merchant marine 267 32

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since