Grenada Flag Icon

Grenada Country Guide

Explore Grenada in North America

Grenada with the capital city St. George's is located in North America (Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 345 square kilometres (twice the size of Washington, DC) with 90,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers volcanic in origin with central mountains. The average density of population is approximately 262 per km². The notable climate conditions in Grenada can be described as tropical with tempered by northeast trade winds. Potential threats by nature are lies on edge of hurricane belt or hurricane season lasts from June to November.

To reach someone in Grenada dial +1-473 prior to a number. There are 28,600 installed telephones. And there are 64,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gd". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Grenada

A rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courage.

Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Capital: St. George's
Size 344 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 133 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
twice the size of Washington, DC
Population 90,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: XCD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gd
Telephone Country Prefix +1-473
Mobile Phone Connections 64,000
Landline Phone Connections 28,600

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 344 (sq km) 207

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 109,590 189
Population growth rate 0.52 (%) 149
Birth rate 16.57 (births/1,000 population) 120
Death rate 8.01 (deaths/1,000 population) 96
Net migration rate -3.34 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 181
Maternal mortality rate 24.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 132
Infant mortality rate 10.81 (deaths/1,000 live births) 140
Life expectancy at birth 73.55 (years) 121
Total fertility rate 2.12 (children born/woman) 109
Health expenditures 5.90 (% of GDP) 112
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 22.50 (%) 78
Education expenditures 3.90 (% of GDP) 113


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 1,467,000,000 198
GDP - real growth rate -0.80 (%) 195
GDP - per capita (PPP) 13,900 96
Labor force 47,580 194
Unemployment rate 25.00 (%) 173
Taxes and other revenues 22.2 (% of GDP) 143
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.10 (% of GDP) 160
Public debt 110.00 (% of GDP) 14
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.20 (%) 82
Central bank discount rate 6.50 (%) 50
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.68 (%) 80
Stock of narrow money 137,800,000 179
Stock of broad money 715,600,000 172
Stock of domestic credit 793,200,000 163
Current account balance -217,200,000 78
Exports 36,360,000 203
Imports 296,300,000 201
Debt - external 538,000,000 169


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 201,400,000 (kWh) 180
Electricity - consumption 177,400,000 (kWh) 188
Electricity - installed generating capacity 33000 (kW) 189
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 15
Refined petroleum products - consumption 2,803 (bbl/day) 184
Refined petroleum products - imports 1,976 (bbl/day) 179
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 429,300 (Mt) 182


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 28,400 179
Telephones - mobile cellular 121,900 188
Internet hosts 80 213
Internet users 25,000 186


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 3 196
Roadways 1,127 (km) 182

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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