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Guinea Country Guide

Explore Guinea in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Guinea with the capital city Conakry is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 245,858 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Oregon) with 10,211,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. The average density of population is approximately 42 per km². The notable climate conditions in Guinea can be described as generally hot and humid with monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds, dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds. Potential threats by nature are hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season.

To reach someone in Guinea dial +224 prior to a number. There are 22,000 installed telephones. And there are 5,607,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gn". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Guinea

Three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; red represents the people's sacrifice for liberation and work; yellow stands for the sun, for the riches of the earth, and for justice; green symbolizes the country's vegetation and unity
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the colors from left to right are the reverse of those on the flags of neighboring Mali and Senegal.

Guinea has had a history of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution. His unwillingness to yield to domestic and international pressure to step down led to heightened political tensions that culminated in September 2009 when presidential guards opened fire on an opposition rally killing more than 150 people, and in early December 2009 when CAMARA was wounded in an assassination attempt and evacuated to Morocco and subsequently to Burkina Faso. A transitional government led by Gen. Sekouba KONATE held democratic elections in 2010 and Alpha CONDE was elected president in the country''s first free and fair elections since independence. CONDE in July 2011 survived an attack on his residence allegedly perpetrated by the military. In October 2012, he announced a cabinet reshuffle that removed three members of the military from their positions, making the current administration Guinea''s first all-civilian government.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali
Capital: Conakry
Size 245,857 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 94,926 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Oregon
Population 10,211,000
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: GNF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gn
Telephone Country Prefix +224
Mobile Phone Connections 5,607,000
Landline Phone Connections 22,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 245,857 (sq km) 79

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 11,176,026 75
Population growth rate 2.64 (%) 23
Birth rate 36.30 (births/1,000 population) 20
Death rate 9.94 (deaths/1,000 population) 53
Maternal mortality rate 610.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 12
Infant mortality rate 57.11 (deaths/1,000 live births) 33
Life expectancy at birth 59.11 (years) 195
Total fertility rate 4.99 (children born/woman) 19
Health expenditures 4.90 (% of GDP) 145
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.30 (%) 38
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 79,000 45
HIV/AIDS - deaths 4,700 39
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.40 (%) 165
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 20.80 (%) 29
Education expenditures 3.10 (% of GDP) 140

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 12,370,000,000 148
GDP - real growth rate 3.90 (%) 85
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,100 215
Labor force 4,778,000 82
Distribution of family income - Gini index 39 64
Investment (gross fixed) 20.10 (% of GDP) 93
Taxes and other revenues 21.9 (% of GDP) 148
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.70 (% of GDP) 186
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 15.00 (%) 212
Central bank discount rate 22.25 (%) 6
Commercial bank prime lending rate 28.00 (%) 8
Stock of narrow money 1,657,000,000 133
Stock of broad money 1,915,000,000 152
Stock of domestic credit 1,515,000,000 144
Industrial production growth rate 3.00 (%) 89
Current account balance -1,754,000,000 133
Exports 1,785,000,000 145
Imports 2,708,000,000 152
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 535,500,000 147
Debt - external 2,652,000,000 137

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 955,000,000 (kWh) 148
Electricity - consumption 888,200,000 (kWh) 153
Electricity - installed generating capacity 393000 (kW) 144
Electricity - from fossil fuels 68.7 (% of total installed capacity) 111
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 31.3 (% of total installed capacity) 72
Refined petroleum products - consumption 8,671 (bbl/day) 157
Refined petroleum products - imports 8,970 (bbl/day) 134
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,392,000 (Mt) 158

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 18,000 194
Telephones - mobile cellular 4,500,000 111
Internet hosts 15 224
Internet users 95,000 161

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 16 144
Railways 1,185 (km) 87
Roadways 44,348 (km) 82
Waterways 1,300 (km) 56

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.40 (% of GDP) 35

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since