Guyana Flag Icon

Guyana Country Guide

Explore Guyana in South America

Guyana with the capital city Georgetown is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 214,971 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Idaho) with 770,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes mostly rolling highlands with low coastal plain and savanna in south. The average density of population is approximately 4 per km². The notable climate conditions in Guyana can be described as tropical with hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds, two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January). Possible natural disasters include flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons.

To reach someone in Guyana dial +592 prior to a number. There are 130,000 installed telephones. And there are 281,400 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".gy". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Guyana

Green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green; green represents forest and foliage; yellow stands for mineral resources and a bright future; white symbolizes Guyana's rivers; red signifies zeal and the sacrifice of the people; black indicates perseverance.

Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006. Donald RAMOTAR was elected president in 2011.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Suriname, Brazil, Venezuela
Capital: Georgetown
Size 214,970 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 83,000 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Idaho
Population 770,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: GYD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gy
Telephone Country Prefix +592
Mobile Phone Connections 281,400
Landline Phone Connections 130,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 214,969 (sq km) 85

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 739,903 164
Population growth rate -0.21 (%) 213
Birth rate 16.31 (births/1,000 population) 122
Death rate 7.18 (deaths/1,000 population) 125
Net migration rate -11.21 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 213
Maternal mortality rate 280.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 41
Infant mortality rate 34.45 (deaths/1,000 live births) 66
Life expectancy at birth 67.68 (years) 162
Total fertility rate 2.21 (children born/woman) 101
Health expenditures 5.40 (% of GDP) 123
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.20 (%) 43
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 5,900 117
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 91
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 17.20 (%) 113
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.10 (%) 66
Education expenditures 3.60 (% of GDP) 123
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 46.1 (%) 8


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 6,256,000,000 164
GDP - real growth rate 3.30 (%) 102
GDP - per capita (PPP) 8,100 132
Labor force 313,100 164
Unemployment rate 11.00 (%) 118
Distribution of family income - Gini index 45 44
Investment (gross fixed) 29.60 (% of GDP) 23
Taxes and other revenues 22.5 (% of GDP) 141
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.90 (% of GDP) 170
Public debt 66.10 (% of GDP) 41
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.10 (%) 80
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 84
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.45 (%) 51
Stock of narrow money 462,400,000 159
Stock of broad money 1,696,000,000 154
Stock of domestic credit 1,097,000,000 156
Market value of publicly traded shares 339,800,000 111
Industrial production growth rate 0.30 (%) 140
Current account balance -324,800,000 85
Exports 1,229,000,000 153
Imports 1,850,000,000 165
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,002,000,000 138
Debt - external 1,234,000,000 152


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 817,000,000 (kWh) 153
Electricity - consumption 683,000,000 (kWh) 160
Electricity - installed generating capacity 343000 (kW) 147
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 52
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 147
Refined petroleum products - consumption 10,910 (bbl/day) 152
Refined petroleum products - imports 10,680 (bbl/day) 132
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,520,000 (Mt) 154


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 152,600 134
Telephones - mobile cellular 528,800 165
Internet hosts 24,936 112
Internet users 189,600 142


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 98 59
Roadways 7,970 (km) 141
Waterways 330 (km) 92
Merchant marine 10 114


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.90 (% of GDP) 69

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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