Honduras Flag Icon

Honduras Country Guide

Explore Honduras in North America

Honduras with the capital city Tegucigalpa is located in North America (Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea). It covers some 112,091 square kilometres (slightly larger than Tennessee) with 7,639,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains. The average density of population is approximately 68 per km². The notable climate conditions in Honduras can be described as subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains. Potential threats by nature are frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes or extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast.

To reach someone in Honduras dial +504 prior to a number. There are 830,000 installed telephones. And there are 7,714,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".hn". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 110V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Honduras

Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue, with five blue, five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people
note: similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom, centered in the white band.

Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: North America
Neighbours: Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Size 112,090 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 43,278 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Tennessee
Population 7,639,000
Currency Name: Lempira, Currency Code: HNL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hn
Telephone Country Prefix +504
Mobile Phone Connections 7,714,000
Landline Phone Connections 830,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 112,090 (sq km) 103

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 8,448,465 93
Population growth rate 1.79 (%) 69
Birth rate 24.16 (births/1,000 population) 63
Death rate 5.09 (deaths/1,000 population) 181
Net migration rate -1.20 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 151
Maternal mortality rate 100.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 72
Infant mortality rate 19.28 (deaths/1,000 live births) 96
Life expectancy at birth 70.81 (years) 148
Total fertility rate 2.94 (children born/woman) 63
Health expenditures 6.80 (% of GDP) 88
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.80 (%) 55
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 39,000 62
HIV/AIDS - deaths 2,500 51
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 18.40 (%) 106
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 8.60 (%) 71
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 7.0 (%) 126

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 38,420,000,000 106
GDP - real growth rate 3.30 (%) 100
GDP - per capita (PPP) 4,700 163
Labor force 3,440,000 99
Unemployment rate 4.50 (%) 41
Distribution of family income - Gini index 58 9
Investment (gross fixed) 26.60 (% of GDP) 38
Taxes and other revenues 18.2 (% of GDP) 175
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.80 (% of GDP) 128
Public debt 34.50 (% of GDP) 103
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.10 (%) 144
Commercial bank prime lending rate 18.56 (%) 22
Stock of narrow money 2,476,000,000 121
Stock of broad money 9,112,000,000 110
Stock of domestic credit 9,403,000,000 101
Industrial production growth rate 2.40 (%) 108
Current account balance -1,661,000,000 131
Exports 6,946,000,000 103
Imports 10,660,000,000 93
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 3,150,000,000 106
Debt - external 4,884,000,000 116

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 6,326,000,000 (kWh) 111
Electricity - consumption 4,800,000,000 (kWh) 115
Electricity - exports 46,000,000 (kWh) 78
Electricity - imports 100,000 (kWh) 108
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1697000 (kW) 109
Electricity - from fossil fuels 63.9 (% of total installed capacity) 133
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 30.8 (% of total installed capacity) 76
Electricity - from other renewable sources 5.4 (% of total installed capacity) 34
Refined petroleum products - consumption 58,150 (bbl/day) 96
Refined petroleum products - exports 8,419 (bbl/day) 91
Refined petroleum products - imports 54,100 (bbl/day) 66
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 8,288,000 (Mt) 106

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 609,200 91
Telephones - mobile cellular 8,062,000 88
Internet hosts 30,955 107
Internet users 731,700 108

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 104 53
Railways 75 (km) 128
Roadways 14,239 (km) 123
Waterways 465 (km) 85
Merchant marine 88 55

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 95

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Maya Site of Copan
Discovered in 1570 by Diego García de Palacio, the ruins of Copán, one of the most important sites of the Mayan civilization, were not excavated until the 19th century. The ruined citadel and imposing public squares reveal the three main stages of ...
1980
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve
Located on the watershed of the Río Plátano, the reserve is one of the few remains of a tropical rainforest in Central America and has an abundant and varied plant and wildlife. In its mountainous landscape sloping down to the Caribbean coast, over ...
1982