Hong Kong Flag Icon

Hong Kong Country Guide

Explore Hong Kong in Asia

Hong Kong with the capital city Hong Kong is located in Asia (Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China). It covers some 1,093 square kilometres (six times the size of Washington, DC) with 6,898,686 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers hilly to mountainous with steep slopes and lowlands in north. The average density of population is approximately 6,317 per km². The notable climate conditions in Hong Kong can be described as subtropical monsoon with cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall. Potential threats by nature are occasional typhoons.

To reach someone in Hong Kong dial +852 prior to a number. There are 4,188,000 installed telephones. And there are 12,207,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".hk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Hong Kong

Red with a stylized, white, five-petal Bauhinia flower in the center; each petal contains a small, red, five-pointed star in its middle; the red color is the same as that on the Chinese flag and represents the motherland; the fragrant Bauhinia - developed in Hong Kong the late 19th century - has come to symbolize the region; the five stars echo those on the flag of China.

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China''s socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Capital: Hong Kong
Size 1,092 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 422 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
six times the size of Washington, DC
Population 6,898,686
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: HKD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hk
Telephone Country Prefix +852
Mobile Phone Connections 12,207,000
Landline Phone Connections 4,188,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 1,104 (sq km) 184

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 7,182,724 99
Population growth rate 0.39 (%) 156
Birth rate 7.58 (births/1,000 population) 222
Death rate 7.39 (deaths/1,000 population) 116
Net migration rate 3.75 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 27
Infant mortality rate 2.89 (deaths/1,000 live births) 219
Life expectancy at birth 82.20 (years) 9
Total fertility rate 1.11 (children born/woman) 221
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 132
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,600 130
HIV/AIDS - deaths 200 112
Education expenditures 3.40 (% of GDP) 129
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 9.4 (%) 110


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 375,500,000,000 36
GDP - real growth rate 1.40 (%) 150
GDP - per capita (PPP) 52,300 13
Labor force 3,826,000 94
Unemployment rate 3.30 (%) 28
Distribution of family income - Gini index 54 11
Investment (gross fixed) 26.30 (% of GDP) 42
Taxes and other revenues 21.7 (% of GDP) 149
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 3.20 (% of GDP) 19
Public debt 30.00 (% of GDP) 114
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.10 (%) 118
Central bank discount rate 0.50 (%) 135
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.00 (%) 158
Stock of narrow money 176,600,000,000 21
Stock of broad money 1,148,000,000,000 16
Stock of domestic credit 714,000,000,000 21
Market value of publicly traded shares 2,240,000,000,000 6
Industrial production growth rate -0.10 (%) 147
Current account balance 6,400,000,000 28
Exports 439,000,000,000 13
Imports 499,400,000,000 10
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 317,300,000,000 10
Debt - external 1,047,000,000,000 17
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 1,200,000,000,000 4
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 1,112,000,000,000 5


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 41,300,000,000 (kWh) 57
Electricity - consumption 45,070,000,000 (kWh) 50
Electricity - exports 497,400,000 (kWh) 61
Electricity - imports 11,150,000,000 (kWh) 18
Electricity - installed generating capacity 10660000 (kW) 53
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 18
Refined petroleum products - consumption 337,600 (bbl/day) 38
Refined petroleum products - exports 16,520 (bbl/day) 78
Refined petroleum products - imports 354,100 (bbl/day) 19
Natural gas - consumption 2,790,000,000 (cu m) 76
Natural gas - imports 2,790,000,000 (cu m) 45
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 39,300,000 (Mt) 71


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 4,342,000 38
Telephones - mobile cellular 15,293,000 55
Internet hosts 870,041 48
Internet users 4,873,000 47


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 2 201
Roadways 2,067 (km) 172
Merchant marine 1,644 5

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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