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Hungary Country Guide

Explore Hungary in Europe

Hungary with the capital city Budapest is located in Europe (Central Europe, northwest of Romania). It covers some 93,031 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Indiana) with 9,930,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features mostly flat to rolling plains having hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border. The average density of population is approximately 107 per km². The notable climate conditions in Hungary can be described as temperate with cold, cloudy, humid winters, warm summers.

To reach someone in Hungary dial +36 prior to a number. There are 3,069,000 installed telephones. And there are 11,793,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".hu". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Hungary

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors: red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country.

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania, Ukraine, Croatia, Austria, Serbia
Capital: Budapest
Size 93,030 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 35,919 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Indiana
Population 9,930,000
Currency Name: Forint, Currency Code: HUF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hu
Telephone Country Prefix +36
Mobile Phone Connections 11,793,000
Landline Phone Connections 3,069,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 93,028 (sq km) 110

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 9,939,470 87
Population growth rate -0.20 (%) 212
Birth rate 9.37 (births/1,000 population) 203
Death rate 12.71 (deaths/1,000 population) 23
Net migration rate 1.36 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 50
Maternal mortality rate 21.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 137
Infant mortality rate 5.16 (deaths/1,000 live births) 179
Life expectancy at birth 75.24 (years) 95
Total fertility rate 1.41 (children born/woman) 204
Health expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 75
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 134
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,000 128
HIV/AIDS - deaths 200 113
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.60 (%) 37
Education expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 67
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 26.1 (%) 36


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 198,800,000,000 57
GDP - real growth rate -1.70 (%) 206
GDP - per capita (PPP) 20,000 71
Labor force 4,391,000 87
Unemployment rate 11.20 (%) 121
Distribution of family income - Gini index 25 133
Investment (gross fixed) 16.00 (% of GDP) 132
Taxes and other revenues 43.4 (% of GDP) 32
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.80 (% of GDP) 106
Public debt 78.60 (% of GDP) 28
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.70 (%) 154
Central bank discount rate 7.00 (%) 41
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.56 (%) 107
Stock of narrow money 32,340,000,000 56
Stock of broad money 74,500,000,000 59
Stock of domestic credit 85,670,000,000 57
Market value of publicly traded shares 22,800,000,000 60
Industrial production growth rate 1.70 (%) 122
Current account balance 2,146,000,000 38
Exports 105,100,000,000 39
Imports 98,200,000,000 35
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 67,000,000,000 30
Debt - external 202,000,000,000 34
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 94,900,000,000 41
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 30,300,000,000 43


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 34,280,000,000 (kWh) 64
Electricity - consumption 36,130,000,000 (kWh) 56
Electricity - exports 9,000,000,000 (kWh) 23
Electricity - imports 16,970,000,000 (kWh) 10
Electricity - installed generating capacity 9900000 (kW) 57
Electricity - from fossil fuels 72.0 (% of total installed capacity) 103
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 20.0 (% of total installed capacity) 12
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 1.0 (% of total installed capacity) 142
Electricity - from other renewable sources 7.0 (% of total installed capacity) 29
Crude oil - production 22,560 (bbl/day) 70
Crude oil - imports 108,500 (bbl/day) 48
Crude oil - proved reserves 31720000 (bbl) 84
Refined petroleum products - production 167,900 (bbl/day) 60
Refined petroleum products - consumption 141,100 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - exports 49,010 (bbl/day) 61
Refined petroleum products - imports 171,600 (bbl/day) 32
Natural gas - production 2,072,000,000 (cu m) 56
Natural gas - consumption 11,900,000,000 (cu m) 45
Natural gas - exports 835,000,000 (cu m) 41
Natural gas - imports 8,173,000,000 (cu m) 29
Natural gas - proved reserves 3,014,000,000 (cu m) 94
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 50,390,000 (Mt) 61


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,933,000 52
Telephones - mobile cellular 11,690,000 67
Internet hosts 3,145,000 33
Internet users 6,176,000 41


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 41 104
Railways 8,057 (km) 26
Roadways 197,519 (km) 24
Waterways 1,622 (km) 48


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.75 (% of GDP) 83

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue
This site has the remains of monuments such as the Roman city of Aquincum and the Gothic castle of Buda, which have had a considerable influence on the architecture of various periods. It is one of the world's outstanding urban landscapes and illustr ...
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst
The variety of formations and the fact that they are concentrated in a restricted area means that the 712 caves currently identified make up a typical temperate-zone karstic system. Because they display an extremely rare combination of tropical and g ...
Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae)
In the 4th century, a remarkable series of decorated tombs were constructed in the cemetery of the Roman provincial town of Sopianae (modern Pécs). These are important both structurally and architecturally, since they were built as underground buria ...
Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta
The cultural landscape of the Hortobágy Puszta consists of a vast area of plains and wetlands in eastern Hungary. Traditional forms of land use, such as the grazing of domestic animals, have been present in this pastoral society for more than two mi ...
Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment
The first Benedictine monks settled here in 996. They went on to convert the Hungarians, to found the country's first school and, in 1055, to write the first document in Hungarian. From the time of its founding, this monastic community has promoted c ...
Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings
Hollokö is an outstanding example of a deliberately preserved traditional settlement. This village, which developed mainly during the 17th and 18th centuries, is a living example of rural life before the agricultural revolution of the 20th century. ...
Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape
The cultural landscape of Tokaj graphically demonstrates the long tradition of wine production in this region of low hills and river valleys. The intricate pattern of vineyards, farms, villages and small towns, with their historic networks of deep wi ...