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Liberia Country Guide

Explore Liberia in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Liberia with the capital city Monrovia is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 111,371 square kilometres (slightly larger than Tennessee) with 3,334,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains in northeast. The average density of population is approximately 30 per km². The notable climate conditions in Liberia can be described as tropical with hot, humid, dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights, wet, cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers. Potential natural disasters are dust-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to March).

To reach someone in Liberia dial +231 prior to a number. There are 2,000 installed telephones. And there are 842,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".lr". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Liberia

11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a white five-pointed star appears on a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner; the stripes symbolize the signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence; the blue square represents the African mainland, and the star represents the freedom granted to the ex-slaves; according to the constitution, the blue color signifies liberty, justice, and fidelity, the white color purity, cleanliness, and guilelessness, and the red color steadfastness, valor, and fervor
note: the design is based on the US flag.

Settlement of freed slaves from the US in what is today Liberia began in 1822; by 1847, the Americo-Liberians were able to establish a republic. William TUBMAN, president from 1944-71, did much to promote foreign investment and to bridge the economic, social, and political gaps between the descendants of the original settlers and the inhabitants of the interior. In 1980, a military coup led by Samuel DOE ushered in a decade of authoritarian rule. In December 1989, Charles TAYLOR launched a rebellion against DOE's regime that led to a prolonged civil war in which DOE was killed. A period of relative peace in 1997 allowed for elections that brought TAYLOR to power, but major fighting resumed in 2000. An August 2003 peace agreement ended the war and prompted the resignation of former president Charles TAYLOR, who faces war crimes charges in The Hague related to his involvement in Sierra Leone''s civil war. After two years of rule by a transitional government, democratic elections in late 2005 brought President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF to power. She subsequently won reelection in 2011 in a second round vote that was boycotted by the opposition and remains challenged to build Liberia''s economy and reconcile a nation still recovering from 14 years of fighting. The United Nations Security Council in September 2012 passed Resolution 2066 which calls for a reduction of UN troops in Liberia by half by 2015, bringing the troop total down to fewer than 4000, and challenging Liberia''s security sector to fill the gaps.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Guinea
Capital: Monrovia
Size 111,370 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 43,000 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Tennessee
Population 3,334,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: LRD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .lr
Telephone Country Prefix +231
Mobile Phone Connections 842,000
Landline Phone Connections 2,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 111,369 (sq km) 104

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 3,989,703 127
Population growth rate 2.56 (%) 26
Birth rate 35.75 (births/1,000 population) 23
Death rate 10.12 (deaths/1,000 population) 50
Maternal mortality rate 770.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 7
Infant mortality rate 70.93 (deaths/1,000 live births) 17
Life expectancy at birth 57.81 (years) 197
Total fertility rate 4.92 (children born/woman) 21
Health expenditures 11.90 (% of GDP) 9
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.50 (%) 36
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 37,000 64
HIV/AIDS - deaths 3,600 44
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.80 (%) 161
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 20.40 (%) 33
Education expenditures 2.80 (% of GDP) 147
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 5.1 (%) 133


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2,719,000,000 185
GDP - real growth rate 8.30 (%) 16
GDP - per capita (PPP) 700 224
Labor force 1,372,000 133
Unemployment rate 85.00 (%) 200
Taxes and other revenues 32.1 (% of GDP) 83
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -1.10 (% of GDP) 63
Public debt 4.40 (% of GDP) 150
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.50 (%) 151
Commercial bank prime lending rate 13.75 (%) 58
Stock of narrow money 445,600,000 161
Stock of broad money 664,100,000 173
Stock of domestic credit 1,454,000,000 146
Current account balance -587,500,000 99
Exports 506,500,000 170
Imports 785,300,000 184
Debt - external 400,300,000 176
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 2,353,000,000 92


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 335,000,000 (kWh) 168
Electricity - consumption 311,600,000 (kWh) 173
Electricity - installed generating capacity 197000 (kW) 156
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 21
Refined petroleum products - consumption 3,533 (bbl/day) 177
Refined petroleum products - imports 4,041 (bbl/day) 163
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 738,600 (Mt) 175


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 3,200 213
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,030,000 140
Internet hosts 7 229
Internet users 20,000 194


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 29 117
Railways 429 (km) 115
Roadways 10,600 (km) 135
Merchant marine 2,771 2


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.80 (% of GDP) 151

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since