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Lithuania Country Guide

Explore Lithuania in Europe

Lithuania with the capital city Vilnius is located in Europe (Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea). It covers some 65,201 square kilometres (slightly larger than West Virginia) with 3,565,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil. The average density of population is approximately 55 per km². The notable climate conditions in Lithuania can be described as transitional, between maritime and continental with wet, moderate winters and summers. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Lithuania dial +370 prior to a number. There are 747,400 installed telephones. And there are 4,962,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".lt". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Lithuania

Three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red; yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland.

Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Poland, Belarus, Russia, Latvia
Capital: Vilnius
Size 65,200 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 25,174 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than West Virginia
Population 3,565,000
Currency Name: Litas, Currency Code: LTL
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .lt
Telephone Country Prefix +370
Mobile Phone Connections 4,962,000
Landline Phone Connections 747,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 65,300 (sq km) 123

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 3,515,858 132
Population growth rate -0.28 (%) 216
Birth rate 9.36 (births/1,000 population) 204
Death rate 11.48 (deaths/1,000 population) 32
Net migration rate -0.73 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 142
Maternal mortality rate 8.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 161
Infant mortality rate 6.09 (deaths/1,000 live births) 171
Life expectancy at birth 75.77 (years) 89
Total fertility rate 1.28 (children born/woman) 217
Health expenditures 7.00 (% of GDP) 80
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 142
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,200 137
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 138
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.60 (%) 38
Education expenditures 5.70 (% of GDP) 48
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 32.9 (%) 20


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 66,080,000,000 86
GDP - real growth rate 3.60 (%) 94
GDP - per capita (PPP) 22,000 67
Labor force 1,587,000 129
Unemployment rate 13.20 (%) 136
Distribution of family income - Gini index 36 86
Investment (gross fixed) 33.60 (% of GDP) 16
Taxes and other revenues 23.2 (% of GDP) 135
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.70 (% of GDP) 55
Public debt 38.50 (% of GDP) 96
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.40 (%) 93
Central bank discount rate 2.06 (%) 111
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.78 (%) 143
Stock of narrow money 12,240,000,000 74
Stock of broad money 19,320,000,000 88
Stock of domestic credit 22,490,000,000 79
Market value of publicly traded shares 5,661,000,000 82
Industrial production growth rate 7.50 (%) 32
Current account balance -1,053,000,000 114
Exports 29,010,000,000 65
Imports 31,410,000,000 64
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 8,821,000,000 77
Debt - external 32,840,000,000 72
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 15,750,000,000 76
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 2,612,000,000 69


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 12,270,000,000 (kWh) 91
Electricity - consumption 10,300,000,000 (kWh) 87
Electricity - exports 186,000,000 (kWh) 68
Electricity - imports 1,170,000,000 (kWh) 59
Electricity - installed generating capacity 3820000 (kW) 81
Electricity - from fossil fuels 53.8 (% of total installed capacity) 149
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 25.2 (% of total installed capacity) 5
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 2.4 (% of total installed capacity) 134
Electricity - from other renewable sources 2.4 (% of total installed capacity) 53
Crude oil - production 2,000 (bbl/day) 92
Crude oil - exports 2,260 (bbl/day) 64
Crude oil - imports 168,300 (bbl/day) 39
Crude oil - proved reserves 12000000 (bbl) 91
Refined petroleum products - production 202,600 (bbl/day) 56
Refined petroleum products - consumption 70,390 (bbl/day) 92
Refined petroleum products - exports 149,900 (bbl/day) 37
Refined petroleum products - imports 15,670 (bbl/day) 117
Natural gas - consumption 3,300,000,000 (cu m) 70
Natural gas - imports 3,100,000,000 (cu m) 42
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 15,980,000 (Mt) 88


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 723,000 88
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,004,000 104
Internet hosts 1,205,000 43
Internet users 1,964,000 75


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 81 70
Railways 1,767 (km) 76
Roadways 82,131 (km) 56
Waterways 441 (km) 87
Merchant marine 38 78


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 131

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Curonian Spit
Human habitation of this elongated sand dune peninsula, 98 km long and 0.4-4 km wide, dates back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it has been threatened by the natural forces of wind and waves. Its survival to the present day has been mad ...
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)
The Kernavė Archaeological site, about 35 km north-west of Vilnius in eastern Lithuania, represents an exceptional testimony to some 10 millennia of human settlements in this region. Situated in the valley of the River Neris, the site is a complex e ...
Vilnius Historic Centre
Political centre of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the 13th to the end of the 18th century, Vilnius has had a profound influence on the cultural and architectural development of much of eastern Europe. Despite invasions and partial destruction, it ...