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Luxembourg Country Guide

Explore Luxembourg in Europe

Luxembourg with the capital city Luxembourg is located in Europe (Western Europe, between France and Germany). It covers some 2,587 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Rhode Island) with 486,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys with uplands to slightly mountainous in the north and steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast. The average density of population is approximately 188 per km². The notable climate conditions in Luxembourg can be described as modified continental with mild winters, cool summers. Possible natural disasters include NA.

To reach someone in Luxembourg dial +352 prior to a number. There are 273,600 installed telephones. And there are 719,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 MHz and 3G. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".lu". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Luxembourg

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; the coloring is derived from the Grand Duke's coat of arms (a red lion on a white and blue striped field).

Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area. In January 2013, Luxembourg assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

National administrative regions of Luxembourg


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Germany, Belgium, France
Capital: Luxembourg
Size 2,586 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 998 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Population 486,000
Currency Name: Euro, Currency Code: EUR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .lu
Telephone Country Prefix +352
Mobile Phone Connections 719,000
Landline Phone Connections 273,600

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 2,586 (sq km) 179

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 514,862 173
Population growth rate 1.13 (%) 104
Birth rate 11.72 (births/1,000 population) 166
Death rate 8.52 (deaths/1,000 population) 79
Net migration rate 8.06 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 14
Maternal mortality rate 20.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 141
Infant mortality rate 4.33 (deaths/1,000 live births) 193
Life expectancy at birth 79.88 (years) 37
Total fertility rate 1.77 (children born/woman) 161
Health expenditures 7.80 (% of GDP) 66
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.30 (%) 82
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,000 145
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 140
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 26.00 (%) 50
Education expenditures 3.80 (% of GDP) 118
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 16.8 (%) 78

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 42,920,000,000 100
GDP - real growth rate 0.10 (%) 180
GDP - per capita (PPP) 81,100 5
Labor force 208,200 168
Unemployment rate 6.00 (%) 56
Distribution of family income - Gini index 26 130
Investment (gross fixed) 21.30 (% of GDP) 81
Taxes and other revenues 40.6 (% of GDP) 42
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -0.90 (% of GDP) 58
Public debt 18.40 (% of GDP) 130
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.50 (%) 56
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 128
Stock of narrow money 81,550,000,000 40
Stock of broad money 229,900,000,000 38
Stock of domestic credit 395,100,000,000 30
Market value of publicly traded shares 101,100,000,000 42
Industrial production growth rate 6.20 (%) 49
Current account balance 500,000,000 46
Exports 15,500,000,000 81
Imports 25,080,000,000 67
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,014,000,000 136
Debt - external 2,643,000,000,000 7

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 2,490,000,000 (kWh) 132
Electricity - consumption 5,973,000,000 (kWh) 106
Electricity - exports 3,216,000,000 (kWh) 35
Electricity - imports 7,280,000,000 (kWh) 31
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1702000 (kW) 108
Electricity - from fossil fuels 28.4 (% of total installed capacity) 182
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 2.0 (% of total installed capacity) 135
Electricity - from other renewable sources 5.0 (% of total installed capacity) 37
Refined petroleum products - consumption 61,380 (bbl/day) 94
Refined petroleum products - exports 686 (bbl/day) 116
Refined petroleum products - imports 51,930 (bbl/day) 67
Natural gas - consumption 1,183,000,000 (cu m) 87
Natural gas - imports 1,183,000,000 (cu m) 56
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 10,800,000 (Mt) 99

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 279,100 121
Telephones - mobile cellular 765,000 159
Internet hosts 250,900 68
Internet users 424,500 121

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 2 202
Railways 275 (km) 123
Roadways 5,227 (km) 152
Waterways 37 (km) 105
Merchant marine 49 71

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 143

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications
Because of its strategic position, Luxembourg was, from the 16th century until 1867, when its walls were dismantled, one of Europe's greatest fortified sites. It was repeatedly reinforced as it passed from one great European power to another: the Hol ...
1994