Macedonia Flag Icon

Macedonia Country Guide

Explore Macedonia in Europe

Macedonia with the capital city Skopje is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, north of Greece). It covers some 25,334 square kilometres (slightly larger than Vermont) with 2,061,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys with three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line and country bisected by the Vardar River. The average density of population is approximately 81 per km². The notable climate conditions in Macedonia can be described as warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Possible natural disasters include high seismic risks.

To reach someone in Macedonia dial +389 prior to a number. There are 442,200 installed telephones. And there are 1,943,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mk". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Macedonia

A yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greece's objection to the new state''s use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbols delayed international recognition, which occurred under the provisional designation of "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia." In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the United States and 133 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Some ethnic Albanians, angered by perceived political and economic inequities, launched an insurgency in 2001 that eventually won the support of the majority of Macedonia''s ethnic Albanian population and led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement, which ended the fighting and established guidelines for the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Fully implementing the Framework Agreement, maintaining momentum on democratic reforms, and stimulating economic growth and development continue to be challenges for Macedonia, although progress has been made over the past several years.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia
Capital: Skopje
Size 25,333 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 9,781 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than Vermont
Population 2,061,000
Currency Name: Denar, Currency Code: MKD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mk
Telephone Country Prefix +389
Mobile Phone Connections 1,943,000
Landline Phone Connections 442,200

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 25,713 (sq km) 150

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 2,087,171 145
Population growth rate 0.22 (%) 174
Birth rate 11.72 (births/1,000 population) 167
Death rate 9.00 (deaths/1,000 population) 66
Net migration rate -0.48 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 134
Maternal mortality rate 10.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 153
Infant mortality rate 8.11 (deaths/1,000 live births) 156
Life expectancy at birth 75.58 (years) 91
Total fertility rate 1.59 (children born/woman) 179
Health expenditures 7.10 (% of GDP) 79
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 145
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200 158
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 142
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.10 (%) 92
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 1.80 (%) 120
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 55.3 (%) 4


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 22,220,000,000 126
GDP - real growth rate -0.30 (%) 188
GDP - per capita (PPP) 10,800 112
Labor force 940,600 144
Unemployment rate 31.30 (%) 183
Distribution of family income - Gini index 43 48
Investment (gross fixed) 26.70 (% of GDP) 36
Taxes and other revenues 29.8 (% of GDP) 94
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.80 (% of GDP) 131
Public debt 27.30 (% of GDP) 118
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.30 (%) 89
Central bank discount rate 4.00 (%) 94
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.30 (%) 112
Stock of narrow money 1,413,000,000 137
Stock of broad money 5,709,000,000 124
Stock of domestic credit 4,681,000,000 118
Market value of publicly traded shares 2,495,000,000 94
Industrial production growth rate 4.00 (%) 73
Current account balance -323,000,000 84
Exports 4,002,000,000 123
Imports 6,511,000,000 117
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,891,000,000 108
Debt - external 6,807,000,000 106
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 4,284,000,000 87


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 5,810,000,000 (kWh) 112
Electricity - consumption 7,250,000,000 (kWh) 99
Electricity - exports 12,820,000 (kWh) 84
Electricity - imports 2,692,000,000 (kWh) 47
Electricity - installed generating capacity 1940000 (kW) 103
Electricity - from fossil fuels 65.7 (% of total installed capacity) 124
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 34.3 (% of total installed capacity) 63
Crude oil - imports 18,800 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - production 21,280 (bbl/day) 96
Refined petroleum products - consumption 17,490 (bbl/day) 137
Refined petroleum products - exports 8,594 (bbl/day) 89
Refined petroleum products - imports 21,530 (bbl/day) 104
Natural gas - consumption 136,600,000 (cu m) 103
Natural gas - imports 136,600,000 (cu m) 71
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 8,231,000 (Mt) 108


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 422,100 104
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,213,000 137
Internet hosts 62,826 92
Internet users 1,057,000 97


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 14 151
Railways 699 (km) 100
Roadways 13,736 (km) 127


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 6.00 (% of GDP) 11

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Situated on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe. Built mainly between the 7th and 19th centuries, it has the oldest Slav monastery (St Pantelejmon) and more than 800 Byzantine-style icons datin ...