Marshall Islands Flag Icon

Marshall Islands Country Guide

Explore Marshall Islands in Oceania

Marshall Islands with the capital city Majuro is located in Oceania (Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls). It covers some 182 square kilometres (about the size of Washington, DC) with 11,628 citizens.

Interactive map of Marshall Islands

The topography includes low coral limestone and sand islands. The average density of population is approximately 64 per km². The notable climate conditions in Marshall Islands can be described as tropical with hot and humid, wet season May to November, islands border typhoon belt. Possible natural disasters include infrequent typhoons.

To reach someone in Marshall Islands dial +692 prior to a number. There are 4,400 installed telephones. And there are 1,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of none Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mh". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 110V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Marshall Islands

Blue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays appears on the hoist side above the two stripes; blue represents the Pacific Ocean, the orange stripe signifies the Ralik Chain or sunset and courage, while the white stripe signifies the Ratak Chain or sunrise and peace; the star symbolizes the cross of Christianity, each of the 24 rays designates one of the electoral districts in the country and the four larger rays highlight the principal cultural centers of Majuro, Jaluit, Wotje, and Ebeye; the rising diagonal band can also be interpreted as representing the equator, with the star showing the archipelago's position just to the north.

After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Majuro
Size 181 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 70 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about the size of Washington, DC
Population 11,628
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mh
Telephone Country Prefix +692
Mobile Phone Connections 1,000
Landline Phone Connections 4,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 181 (sq km) 217

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 69,747 202
Population growth rate 1.79 (%) 66
Birth rate 27.21 (births/1,000 population) 46
Death rate 4.27 (deaths/1,000 population) 204
Net migration rate -5.00 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 191
Infant mortality rate 22.15 (deaths/1,000 live births) 85
Life expectancy at birth 72.31 (years) 134
Total fertility rate 3.29 (children born/woman) 52
Health expenditures 18.10 (% of GDP) 1
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 45.40 (%) 9
Education expenditures 12.20 (% of GDP) 3


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 481,800,000 216
GDP - real growth rate 1.90 (%) 139
GDP - per capita (PPP) 8,800 128
Labor force 10,480 216
Unemployment rate 36.00 (%) 186
Taxes and other revenues 57.9 (% of GDP) 10
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 0.40 (% of GDP) 36
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 12.90 (%) 208
Exports 50,140,000 197
Imports 118,700,000 211
Debt - external 87,000,000 190


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 4,400 212
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,800 214
Internet hosts 3 233
Internet users 2,200 210


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 15 147
Roadways 2,028 (km) 174
Merchant marine 1,593 7

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site
In the wake of World War II, in a move closely related to the beginnings of the Cold War, the United States of America decided to resume nuclear testing in the Pacific Ocean, on Bikini Atoll in the Marshall archipelago. After the displacement of the ...