Micronesia Flag Icon

Micronesia Country Guide

Explore Micronesia in Oceania

Micronesia with the capital city Palikir is located in Oceania (Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 703 square kilometres (four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)) with 108,105 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls with volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk. The average density of population is approximately 154 per km². The notable climate conditions in Micronesia can be described as tropical with heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands, located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage. Possible natural disasters include typhoons (June to December).

To reach someone in Micronesia dial +691 prior to a number. There are 8,700 installed telephones. And there are 38,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".fm". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Micronesia

Light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap.

In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986, independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.

National administrative regions of Micronesia


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Palikir
Size 702 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 271 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Population 108,105
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .fm
Telephone Country Prefix +691
Mobile Phone Connections 38,000
Landline Phone Connections 8,700

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 702 (sq km) 191

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 106,104 192
Population growth rate -0.38 (%) 219
Birth rate 21.44 (births/1,000 population) 79
Death rate 4.27 (deaths/1,000 population) 205
Net migration rate -20.95 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 219
Maternal mortality rate 100.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 69
Infant mortality rate 22.71 (deaths/1,000 live births) 81
Life expectancy at birth 72.07 (years) 136
Total fertility rate 2.68 (children born/woman) 75
Health expenditures 14.20 (% of GDP) 5
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 40.60 (%) 12

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 766,400,000 210
GDP - real growth rate 1.40 (%) 148
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,500 139
Labor force 15,920 213
Unemployment rate 22.00 (%) 165
Taxes and other revenues 32.7 (% of GDP) 79
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 1.50 (% of GDP) 25
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.40 (%) 92
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.13 (%) 40
Stock of narrow money 27,220,000 188
Stock of broad money 118,400,000 189
Stock of domestic credit 56,770,000 188
Current account balance -34,300,000 61
Exports 24,900,000 206
Imports 132,700,000 208
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 75,060,000 165
Debt - external 60,800,000 192

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 192,000,000 (kWh) 183
Electricity - consumption 178,600,000 (kWh) 187

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 8,500 202
Telephones - mobile cellular 27,500 207
Internet hosts 4,668 147
Internet users 17,000 198

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 6 171
Roadways 240 (km) 207
Merchant marine 3 139

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since