Mozambique Flag Icon

Mozambique Country Guide

Explore Mozambique in Africa

Mozambique with the capital city Maputo is located in Africa (Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel). It covers some 801,591 square kilometres (slightly less than twice the size of California) with 21,284,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west. The average density of population is approximately 27 per km². The notable climate conditions in Mozambique can be described as tropical to subtropical. Potential threats by nature are severe droughts or devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces.

To reach someone in Mozambique dial +258 prior to a number. There are 82,400 installed telephones. And there are 5,971,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Mozambique

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book; green represents the riches of the land, white peace, black the African continent, yellow the country's minerals, and red the struggle for independence; the rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, the hoe refers to the country's agriculture, the open book stresses the importance of education, and the star represents Marxism and internationalism.

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid 1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between Frelimo and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (Renamo) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In December 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando Emilio GUEBUZA, promised to continue the sound economic policies that have encouraged foreign investment. President GUEBUZA was reelected to a second term in October 2009. However, the elections were flawed by voter fraud, questionable disqualification of candidates, and Frelimo use of government resources during the campaign. As a result, Freedom House removed Mozambique from its list of electoral democracies.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Swaziland, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi
Capital: Maputo
Size 801,590 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 309,496 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly less than twice the size of California
Population 21,284,000
Currency Name: Meticail, Currency Code: MZN
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mz
Telephone Country Prefix +258
Mobile Phone Connections 5,971,000
Landline Phone Connections 82,400

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 799,380 (sq km) 35

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 24,096,669 50
Population growth rate 2.44 (%) 32
Birth rate 39.08 (births/1,000 population) 11
Death rate 12.57 (deaths/1,000 population) 25
Net migration rate -2.07 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 163
Maternal mortality rate 490.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 19
Infant mortality rate 74.63 (deaths/1,000 live births) 13
Life expectancy at birth 52.29 (years) 213
Total fertility rate 5.34 (children born/woman) 12
Health expenditures 5.20 (% of GDP) 128
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 11.50 (%) 8
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,400,000 5
HIV/AIDS - deaths 74,000 7
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.90 (%) 158
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 18.30 (%) 39
Education expenditures 5.00 (% of GDP) 76


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 26,690,000,000 119
GDP - real growth rate 7.50 (%) 23
GDP - per capita (PPP) 1,200 210
Labor force 10,100,000 50
Unemployment rate 17.00 (%) 152
Distribution of family income - Gini index 46 37
Investment (gross fixed) 26.80 (% of GDP) 35
Taxes and other revenues 29.9 (% of GDP) 93
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -6.50 (% of GDP) 183
Public debt 48.10 (% of GDP) 68
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.50 (%) 95
Central bank discount rate 3.25 (%) 101
Commercial bank prime lending rate 19.10 (%) 18
Stock of narrow money 4,006,000,000 108
Stock of broad money 5,268,000,000 128
Stock of domestic credit 3,711,000,000 125
Industrial production growth rate 8.00 (%) 26
Current account balance -2,432,000,000 144
Exports 3,516,000,000 127
Imports 5,373,000,000 124
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 2,626,000,000 113
Debt - external 4,880,000,000 117


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 14,830,000,000 (kWh) 84
Electricity - consumption 10,190,000,000 (kWh) 88
Electricity - exports 9,462,000,000 (kWh) 22
Electricity - imports 8,537,000,000 (kWh) 26
Electricity - installed generating capacity 2280000 (kW) 99
Electricity - from fossil fuels 0.1 (% of total installed capacity) 207
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 99.9 (% of total installed capacity) 2
Refined petroleum products - consumption 19,580 (bbl/day) 129
Refined petroleum products - imports 13,200 (bbl/day) 124
Natural gas - production 3,120,000,000 (cu m) 55
Natural gas - consumption 80,000,000 (cu m) 108
Natural gas - exports 3,040,000,000 (cu m) 36
Natural gas - proved reserves 127,400,000,000 (cu m) 52
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 2,728,000 (Mt) 144


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 88,100 147
Telephones - mobile cellular 7,855,000 89
Internet hosts 89,737 82
Internet users 613,600 113


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 100 56
Railways 4,787 (km) 38
Roadways 30,331 (km) 96
Waterways 460 (km) 86
Merchant marine 2 144


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.60 (% of GDP) 157

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Island of Mozambique
The fortified city of Mozambique is located on this island, a former Portuguese trading-post on the route to India. Its remarkable architectural unity is due to the consistent use, since the 16th century, of the same building techniques, building mat ...