Namibia Flag Icon

Namibia Country Guide

Explore Namibia in Africa

Namibia with the capital city Windhoek is located in Africa (Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 825,419 square kilometres (slightly more than half the size of Alaska) with 2,063,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Namibia

The terrain features mostly high plateau with Namib Desert along coast and Kalahari Desert in east. The average density of population is approximately 2 per km². The notable climate conditions in Namibia can be described as desert with hot, dry, rainfall sparse and erratic. Potential natural disasters are prolonged periods of drought.

To reach someone in Namibia dial +264 prior to a number. There are 142,100 installed telephones. And there are 1,217,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".na". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 220V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Namibia

A wide red stripe edged by narrow white stripes divides the flag diagonally from lower hoist corner to upper fly corner; the upper hoist-side triangle is blue and charged with a yellow, 12-rayed sunburst; the lower fly-side triangle is green; red signifies the heroism of the people and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all; white stands for peace, unity, tranquility, and harmony; blue represents the Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain; the yellow sun denotes power and existence; green symbolizes vegetation and agricultural resources.

South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that became Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. POHAMBA was reelected in November 2009.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Angola
Capital: Windhoek
Size 825,418 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 318,696 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than half the size of Alaska
Population 2,063,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: NAD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .na
Telephone Country Prefix +264
Mobile Phone Connections 1,217,000
Landline Phone Connections 142,100

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 824,292 (sq km) 34

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 2,182,852 142
Population growth rate 0.75 (%) 138
Birth rate 20.72 (births/1,000 population) 81
Death rate 13.33 (deaths/1,000 population) 17
Net migration rate 0.10 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 72
Maternal mortality rate 200.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 55
Infant mortality rate 45.62 (deaths/1,000 live births) 48
Life expectancy at birth 52.03 (years) 215
Total fertility rate 2.33 (children born/woman) 94
Health expenditures 6.80 (% of GDP) 90
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 13.10 (%) 7
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 180,000 30
HIV/AIDS - deaths 6,700 32
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 9.50 (%) 133
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 17.50 (%) 42
Education expenditures 8.30 (% of GDP) 10
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 58.9 (%) 2


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 17,030,000,000 138
GDP - real growth rate 4.00 (%) 76
GDP - per capita (PPP) 7,900 134
Labor force 818,600 147
Unemployment rate 51.20 (%) 194
Distribution of family income - Gini index 60 6
Investment (gross fixed) 21.40 (% of GDP) 80
Taxes and other revenues 36.4 (% of GDP) 58
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -4.90 (% of GDP) 155
Public debt 28.20 (% of GDP) 117
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.80 (%) 155
Central bank discount rate 7.00 (%) 40
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.73 (%) 105
Stock of narrow money 3,898,000,000 110
Stock of broad money 7,433,000,000 115
Stock of domestic credit 6,431,000,000 112
Market value of publicly traded shares 1,176,000,000 107
Industrial production growth rate 6.50 (%) 45
Current account balance 49,300,000 54
Exports 4,657,000,000 117
Imports 5,762,000,000 122
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,840,000,000 125
Debt - external 4,204,000,000 124


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 1,643,000,000 (kWh) 139
Electricity - consumption 3,635,000,000 (kWh) 127
Electricity - exports 91,000,000 (kWh) 72
Electricity - imports 2,519,000,000 (kWh) 50
Electricity - installed generating capacity 508000 (kW) 137
Electricity - from fossil fuels 33.3 (% of total installed capacity) 177
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 66.7 (% of total installed capacity) 24
Refined petroleum products - consumption 22,990 (bbl/day) 126
Refined petroleum products - imports 20,810 (bbl/day) 105
Natural gas - proved reserves 36,810,000,000 (cu m) 69
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 3,812,000 (Mt) 132


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 140,000 138
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,240,000 136
Internet hosts 78,280 84
Internet users 127,500 151


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 112 51
Railways 2,626 (km) 63
Roadways 64,189 (km) 70
Merchant marine 1 151


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 3.70 (% of GDP) 29

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Namib Sand Sea
Namib Sand Sea is the only coastal desert in the world that includes extensive dune fields influenced by fog. Covering an area of over three million hectares and a buffer zone of 899,500 hectares, the site is composed of two dune systems, an ancient ...
Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes
Twyfelfontein or /Ui-//aes has one of the largest concentrations of [...] petroglyphs, i.e. rock engravings in Africa. Most of these well-preserved engravings represent rhinoceros, . The site also includes six painteelephant, ostrich and giraffe, as ...