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New Zealand Country Guide

Explore New Zealand in Oceania

New Zealand with the capital city Wellington is located in Oceania (Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 268,681 square kilometres (about the size of Colorado) with 4,154,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The terrain features predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains. The average density of population is approximately 15 per km². The notable climate conditions in New Zealand can be described as temperate with sharp regional contrasts. Potential natural disasters are earthquakes are common, though usually not severe or volcanic activity.

To reach someone in New Zealand dial +64 prior to a number. There are 1,870,000 installed telephones. And there are 4,700,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".nz". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of New Zealand

Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with four red five-pointed stars edged in white centered in the outer half of the flag; the stars represent the Southern Cross constellation.

The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. That same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both world wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Wellington
Size 268,680 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 103,738 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
about the size of Colorado
Population 4,154,000
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: NZD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .nz
Telephone Country Prefix +64
Mobile Phone Connections 4,700,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,870,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 267,710 (sq km) 76

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 4,365,113 125
Population growth rate 0.85 (%) 130
Birth rate 13.48 (births/1,000 population) 148
Death rate 7.25 (deaths/1,000 population) 121
Net migration rate 2.24 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 39
Maternal mortality rate 15.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 144
Infant mortality rate 4.65 (deaths/1,000 live births) 184
Life expectancy at birth 80.82 (years) 25
Total fertility rate 2.06 (children born/woman) 120
Health expenditures 10.10 (% of GDP) 30
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 151
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 2,500 132
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 148
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 28.30 (%) 34
Education expenditures 7.20 (% of GDP) 22
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 17.3 (%) 77

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 134,200,000,000 64
GDP - real growth rate 2.50 (%) 125
GDP - per capita (PPP) 30,200 50
Labor force 2,402,000 114
Unemployment rate 6.50 (%) 68
Distribution of family income - Gini index 36 84
Investment (gross fixed) 19.50 (% of GDP) 103
Taxes and other revenues 36.9 (% of GDP) 57
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.90 (% of GDP) 169
Public debt 41.80 (% of GDP) 86
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.20 (%) 15
Central bank discount rate 5.00 (%) 68
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.11 (%) 138
Stock of narrow money 26,940,000,000 61
Stock of broad money 154,600,000,000 46
Stock of domestic credit 233,800,000,000 39
Market value of publicly traded shares 36,300,000,000 56
Industrial production growth rate 1.50 (%) 126
Current account balance -6,803,000,000 169
Exports 37,730,000,000 63
Imports 35,650,000,000 62
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 18,330,000,000 59
Debt - external 90,230,000,000 51
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 75,770,000,000 45
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 59,080,000,000 33

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 43,400,000,000 (kWh) 55
Electricity - consumption 38,960,000,000 (kWh) 54
Electricity - installed generating capacity 9482000 (kW) 59
Electricity - from fossil fuels 30.0 (% of total installed capacity) 180
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 56.7 (% of total installed capacity) 36
Electricity - from other renewable sources 13.3 (% of total installed capacity) 14
Crude oil - production 49,730 (bbl/day) 59
Crude oil - exports 45,180 (bbl/day) 48
Crude oil - imports 90,840 (bbl/day) 51
Crude oil - proved reserves 96100000 (bbl) 73
Refined petroleum products - production 106,000 (bbl/day) 73
Refined petroleum products - consumption 148,900 (bbl/day) 68
Refined petroleum products - exports 2,883 (bbl/day) 103
Refined petroleum products - imports 46,780 (bbl/day) 71
Natural gas - production 4,367,000,000 (cu m) 52
Natural gas - consumption 4,278,000,000 (cu m) 64
Natural gas - proved reserves 27,640,000,000 (cu m) 74
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 39,580,000 (Mt) 70

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,880,000 60
Telephones - mobile cellular 4,820,000 108
Internet hosts 3,026,000 34
Internet users 3,400,000 62

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 122 47
Railways 4,128 (km) 41
Roadways 93,911 (km) 46
Merchant marine 15 101

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.50 (% of GDP) 101

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands
The New Zealand Sub-Antarctic Islands consist of five island groups (the Snares, Bounty Islands, Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands and Campbell Island) in the Southern Ocean south-east of New Zealand. The islands, lying between the Antarctic and Su ...
1998
Te Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand
The landscape in this park, situated in south-west New Zealand, has been shaped by successive glaciations into fjords, rocky coasts, towering cliffs, lakes and waterfalls. Two-thirds of the park is covered with southern beech and podocarps, some of w ...
1990
Tongariro National Park
In 1993 Tongariro became the first property to be inscribed on the World Heritage List under the revised criteria describing cultural landscapes. The mountains at the heart of the park have cultural and religious significance for the Maori people and ...
1990