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Nigeria Country Guide

Explore Nigeria in Africa

Travel warning information is updated daily: The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's advisory service suggests to reconsider your need to travel to this country. Take this advice seriously - check with your local authorities whether your exact destination is safe.

Nigeria with the capital city Abuja is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea). It covers some 923,769 square kilometres (slightly more than twice the size of California) with 138,283,000 citizens.

Interactive map of Nigeria

The topography includes southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus with mountains in southeast, plains in north. The average density of population is approximately 150 per km². The notable climate conditions in Nigeria can be described as varies with equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north. Possible natural disasters include periodic droughts or flooding.

To reach someone in Nigeria dial +234 prior to a number. There are 1,419,000 installed telephones. And there are 73,099,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".ng". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Nigeria

Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity.

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country''s history.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Chad, Niger, Benin, Cameroon
Capital: Abuja
Size 923,768 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 356,669 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly more than twice the size of California
Population 138,283,000
Currency Name: Naira, Currency Code: NGN
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .ng
Telephone Country Prefix +234
Mobile Phone Connections 73,099,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,419,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 923,768 (sq km) 32

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 174,507,539 7
Population growth rate 2.54 (%) 28
Birth rate 38.78 (births/1,000 population) 13
Death rate 13.20 (deaths/1,000 population) 18
Net migration rate -0.22 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 118
Maternal mortality rate 630.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 10
Infant mortality rate 72.97 (deaths/1,000 live births) 15
Life expectancy at birth 52.46 (years) 211
Total fertility rate 5.31 (children born/woman) 13
Health expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 139
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.60 (%) 17
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,300,000 2
HIV/AIDS - deaths 220,000 2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.50 (%) 146
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 26.70 (%) 23


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 455,500,000,000 31
GDP - real growth rate 6.30 (%) 40
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,800 180
Labor force 53,830,000 11
Unemployment rate 23.90 (%) 171
Distribution of family income - Gini index 44 47
Investment (gross fixed) 18.80 (% of GDP) 112
Taxes and other revenues 8.7 (% of GDP) 211
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -3.00 (% of GDP) 109
Public debt 18.80 (% of GDP) 128
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 12.10 (%) 205
Central bank discount rate 6.00 (%) 61
Commercial bank prime lending rate 16.02 (%) 33
Stock of narrow money 40,660,000,000 51
Stock of broad money 80,100,000,000 57
Stock of domestic credit 95,200,000,000 53
Market value of publicly traded shares 50,880,000,000 51
Industrial production growth rate 2.50 (%) 104
Current account balance 6,158,000,000 29
Exports 97,460,000,000 41
Imports 70,580,000,000 43
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 42,800,000,000 44
Debt - external 10,100,000,000 96
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 85,730,000,000 43
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 11,230,000,000 52


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 18,820,000,000 (kWh) 75
Electricity - consumption 17,660,000,000 (kWh) 71
Electricity - installed generating capacity 5898000 (kW) 70
Electricity - from fossil fuels 67.1 (% of total installed capacity) 116
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 32.9 (% of total installed capacity) 66
Crude oil - production 2,525,000 (bbl/day) 13
Crude oil - exports 2,051,000 (bbl/day) 6
Crude oil - proved reserves 38500000000 (bbl) 11
Refined petroleum products - production 102,100 (bbl/day) 76
Refined petroleum products - consumption 271,600 (bbl/day) 47
Refined petroleum products - exports 15,470 (bbl/day) 79
Refined petroleum products - imports 133,400 (bbl/day) 42
Natural gas - production 29,000,000,000 (cu m) 30
Natural gas - consumption 4,970,000,000 (cu m) 61
Natural gas - exports 24,020,000,000 (cu m) 15
Natural gas - proved reserves 5,110,000,000,000 (cu m) 10
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 80,510,000 (Mt) 44


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 719,400 89
Telephones - mobile cellular 95,167,000 12
Internet hosts 1,234 169
Internet users 43,989,000 9


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 53 89
Railways 3,505 (km) 49
Roadways 193,200 (km) 25
Waterways 8,600 (km) 15
Merchant marine 89 54


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.90 (% of GDP) 140

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
The dense forest of the Osun Sacred Grove, on the outskirts of the city of Osogbo, is one of the last remnants of primary high forest in southern Nigeria. Regarded as the abode of the goddess of fertility Osun, one of the pantheon of Yoruba gods, the ...
Sukur Cultural Landscape
The Sukur Cultural Landscape, with the Palace of the Hidi (Chief) on a hill dominating the villages below, the terraced fields and their sacred symbols, and the extensive remains of a former flourishing iron industry, is a remarkably intact physical ...