Northern Mariana Islands Flag Icon

Northern Mariana Islands Country Guide

Explore Northern Mariana Islands in Oceania

Northern Mariana Islands with the capital city Saipan is located in Oceania (Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean). It covers some 478 square kilometres (2.5 times the size of Washington, DC) with 80,362 citizens.

Interactive map of Northern Mariana Islands

The landscape offers southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs and northern islands are volcanic. The average density of population is approximately 168 per km². The notable climate conditions in Northern Mariana Islands can be described as tropical marine with moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation, dry season December to June, rainy season July to October. Potential threats by nature are active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan or typhoons (especially August to November).

To reach someone in Northern Mariana Islands dial +1-670 prior to a number. There are 25,100 installed telephones. And there are 20,500 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 1900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".mp". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 120V - 60Hz.

About the flag and history of Northern Mariana Islands

Blue, with a white, five-pointed star superimposed on a gray latte stone (the traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center, surrounded by a wreath; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the star represents the Commonwealth; the latte stone and the floral head wreath display elements of the native Chamorro culture.

Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

National administrative regions of Northern Mariana Islands

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Capital: Saipan
Size 477 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 184 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Population 80,362
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: USD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .mp
Telephone Country Prefix +1-670
Mobile Phone Connections 20,500
Landline Phone Connections 25,100

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 464 (sq km) 197

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 51,170 208
Population growth rate 0.09 (%) 185
Birth rate 19.60 (births/1,000 population) 89
Death rate 3.52 (deaths/1,000 population) 213
Net migration rate -15.22 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 216
Infant mortality rate 5.59 (deaths/1,000 live births) 177
Life expectancy at birth 77.45 (years) 67
Total fertility rate 2.05 (children born/woman) 122
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 5.9 (%) 129


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 733,000,000 211
GDP - per capita (PPP) 13,600 98
Labor force 38,450 199
Unemployment rate 11.20 (%) 120
Taxes and other revenues 35.5 (% of GDP) 64
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -7.90 (% of GDP) 196
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -2.70 (%) 1
Exports 98,200,000 192
Imports 214,400,000 205


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 60,600 (kWh) 217
Electricity - consumption 48,300 (kWh) 218


Value name Value World Rank
Internet hosts 17 223


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 5 180
Roadways 536 (km) 193

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

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