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Norway Country Guide

Explore Norway in Europe

Norway with the capital city Oslo is located in Europe (Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 324,221 square kilometres (slightly larger than New Mexico) with 4,644,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers glaciated with mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys, small, scattered plains, coastline deeply indented by fjords and arctic tundra in north. The average density of population is approximately 14 per km². The notable climate conditions in Norway can be described as temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current with colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers, rainy year-round on west coast. Potential threats by nature are rockslides, avalanches.

To reach someone in Norway dial +47 prior to a number. There are 1,900,000 installed telephones. And there are 5,336,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".no".

About the flag and history of Norway

Red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag); the colors recall Norway's past political unions with Denmark (red and white) and Sweden (blue).

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country''s extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Finland, Russia, Sweden
Capital: Oslo
Size 324,220 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 125,182 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than New Mexico
Population 4,644,000
Currency Name: Krone, Currency Code: NOK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .no
Telephone Country Prefix +47
Mobile Phone Connections 5,336,000
Landline Phone Connections 1,900,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 323,802 (sq km) 68

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 4,722,701 120
Population growth rate 0.33 (%) 166
Birth rate 10.80 (births/1,000 population) 177
Death rate 9.21 (deaths/1,000 population) 61
Net migration rate 1.68 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 47
Maternal mortality rate 7.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 168
Infant mortality rate 3.47 (deaths/1,000 live births) 211
Life expectancy at birth 80.44 (years) 27
Total fertility rate 1.77 (children born/woman) 159
Health expenditures 9.50 (% of GDP) 36
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 150
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 4,000 121
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 147
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.50 (%) 84
Education expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 21
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 8.6 (%) 116


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 281,700,000,000 46
GDP - real growth rate 3.00 (%) 111
GDP - per capita (PPP) 55,900 9
Labor force 2,645,000 109
Unemployment rate 3.10 (%) 25
Distribution of family income - Gini index 25 131
Investment (gross fixed) 21.40 (% of GDP) 79
Taxes and other revenues 56.5 (% of GDP) 11
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 15.20 (% of GDP) 5
Public debt 30.30 (% of GDP) 112
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.60 (%) 7
Central bank discount rate 1.75 (%) 125
Commercial bank prime lending rate 4.40 (%) 164
Stock of narrow money 149,400,000,000 26
Stock of broad money 309,200,000,000 30
Stock of domestic credit 694,200,000,000 22
Market value of publicly traded shares 250,900,000,000 30
Industrial production growth rate -4.30 (%) 161
Current account balance 76,100,000,000 7
Exports 162,700,000,000 31
Imports 86,780,000,000 38
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 49,400,000,000 39
Debt - external 659,100,000,000 21
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 192,500,000,000 25
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 197,500,000,000 23


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 122,200,000,000 (kWh) 30
Electricity - consumption 110,800,000,000 (kWh) 30
Electricity - exports 7,123,000,000 (kWh) 24
Electricity - imports 14,670,000,000 (kWh) 14
Electricity - installed generating capacity 30950000 (kW) 28
Electricity - from fossil fuels 2.6 (% of total installed capacity) 201
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 91.1 (% of total installed capacity) 11
Electricity - from other renewable sources 2.0 (% of total installed capacity) 58
Crude oil - production 1,998,000 (bbl/day) 15
Crude oil - exports 1,759,000 (bbl/day) 8
Crude oil - imports 19,960 (bbl/day) 70
Crude oil - proved reserves 5320000000 (bbl) 24
Refined petroleum products - production 324,000 (bbl/day) 41
Refined petroleum products - consumption 255,200 (bbl/day) 52
Refined petroleum products - exports 412,600 (bbl/day) 20
Refined petroleum products - imports 98,340 (bbl/day) 50
Natural gas - production 103,100,000,000 (cu m) 9
Natural gas - consumption 4,809,000,000 (cu m) 62
Natural gas - exports 98,300,000,000 (cu m) 4
Natural gas - proved reserves 2,007,000,000,000 (cu m) 19
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 41,800,000 (Mt) 68


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 1,529,000 66
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,700,000 100
Internet hosts 3,588,000 29
Internet users 4,431,000 53


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 98 60
Railways 4,169 (km) 39
Roadways 93,509 (km) 48
Waterways 1,577 (km) 52
Merchant marine 585 19


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.90 (% of GDP) 72

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Bryggen, the old wharf of Bergen, is a reminder of the town’s importance as part of the Hanseatic League’s trading empire from the 14th to the mid-16th century. Many fires, the last in 1955, have ravaged the characteristic wooden houses of Brygg ...
Rock Art of Alta
This group of petroglyphs in the Alta Fjord, near the Arctic Circle, bears the traces of a settlement dating from c. 4200 to 500 B.C. The thousands of paintings and engravings add to our understanding of the environment and human activities on the fr ...
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference is linked to the copper mines, established in the 17th century and exploited for 333 years until 1977. The site comprises the Town and its industrial-rural cultural landscapes; Femundshytta, a smelter with its ...
Urnes Stave Church
The wooden church of Urnes (the stavkirke) stands in the natural setting of Sogn og Fjordane. It was built in the 12th and 13th centuries and is an outstanding example of traditional Scandinavian wooden architecture. It brings together traces of Celt ...
Vegaøyan -- The Vega Archipelago
A cluster of dozens of islands centred on Vega, just south of the Arctic Circle, forms a cultural landscape of 103,710 ha, of which 6,930 ha is land. The islands bear testimony to a distinctive frugal way of life based on fishing and the harvesting o ...
West Norwegian Fjords – Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord
Situated in south-western Norway, north-east of Bergen, Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord, set 120 km from one another, are part of the west Norwegian fjord landscape, which stretches from Stavanger in the south to Andalsnes, 500 km to the north-east. ...