Oman Flag Icon

Oman Country Guide

Explore Oman in Asia

Oman with the capital city Muscat is located in Asia (Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea). It covers some 212,461 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Kansas) with 3,309,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south. The average density of population is approximately 16 per km². The notable climate conditions in Oman can be described as dry desert with hot, humid along coast, hot, dry interior, strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south. Possible natural disasters include summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior or periodic droughts.

To reach someone in Oman dial +968 prior to a number. There are 300,100 installed telephones. And there are 3,971,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".om". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Oman

Three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered near the top of the vertical band; white represents peace and prosperity, red recalls battles against foreign invaders, and green symbolizes the Jebel Akhdar (Green Mountains) and fertility.

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and he has since ruled as sultan. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK. Oman''s moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries. Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, Omanis began staging marches and demonstrations to demand economic benefits, an end to corruption, and greater political rights. In response to protester demands, QABOOS in 2011 pledged to implement economic and political reforms, such as granting legislative and regulatory powers to the Majlis al-Shura and introducing unemployment benefits. In August 2012, the Sultan announced a royal directive mandating the speedy implementation of a national job creation plan for thousands of public and private sector jobs. As part of the government''s efforts to decentralize authority and allow greater citizen participation in local governance, Oman successfully conducted its first municipal council elections in December 2012. Announced by the Sultan in 2011, the municipal councils will have the power to advise the Royal Court on the needs of local districts across Oman''s 11 governorates.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates
Capital: Muscat
Size 212,460 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 82,031 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Kansas
Population 3,309,000
Currency Name: Rial, Currency Code: OMR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .om
Telephone Country Prefix +968
Mobile Phone Connections 3,971,000
Landline Phone Connections 300,100

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 309,500 (sq km) 71

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 3,154,134 136
Population growth rate 2.06 (%) 48
Birth rate 24.43 (births/1,000 population) 61
Death rate 3.40 (deaths/1,000 population) 216
Net migration rate -0.47 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 133
Maternal mortality rate 32.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 121
Infant mortality rate 14.46 (deaths/1,000 live births) 115
Life expectancy at birth 74.72 (years) 105
Total fertility rate 2.86 (children born/woman) 68
Health expenditures 2.80 (% of GDP) 181
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 148
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 1,100 138
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 144
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 20.90 (%) 94
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 8.60 (%) 72
Education expenditures 4.30 (% of GDP) 102


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 91,540,000,000 76
GDP - real growth rate 5.00 (%) 61
GDP - per capita (PPP) 29,600 51
Labor force 968,800 143
Unemployment rate 15.00 (%) 145
Investment (gross fixed) 25.50 (% of GDP) 45
Taxes and other revenues 46.5 (% of GDP) 22
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 6.60 (% of GDP) 10
Public debt 3.60 (% of GDP) 152
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.50 (%) 97
Central bank discount rate 0.05 (%) 143
Commercial bank prime lending rate 6.19 (%) 137
Stock of narrow money 8,671,000,000 80
Stock of broad money 71,420,000,000 62
Stock of domestic credit 26,200,000,000 74
Market value of publicly traded shares 20,270,000,000 64
Industrial production growth rate 3.50 (%) 79
Current account balance 10,220,000,000 25
Exports 48,430,000,000 60
Imports 23,370,000,000 73
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 15,870,000,000 64
Debt - external 9,768,000,000 98


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 18,590,000,000 (kWh) 76
Electricity - consumption 15,340,000,000 (kWh) 77
Electricity - installed generating capacity 4202000 (kW) 78
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 25
Crude oil - production 915,600 (bbl/day) 23
Crude oil - exports 253,100 (bbl/day) 28
Crude oil - proved reserves 4902000000 (bbl) 26
Refined petroleum products - production 106,000 (bbl/day) 72
Refined petroleum products - consumption 98,000 (bbl/day) 80
Refined petroleum products - exports 19,680 (bbl/day) 73
Refined petroleum products - imports 33,150 (bbl/day) 85
Natural gas - production 35,940,000,000 (cu m) 27
Natural gas - consumption 17,530,000,000 (cu m) 38
Natural gas - exports 11,490,000,000 (cu m) 21
Natural gas - imports 1,900,000,000 (cu m) 51
Natural gas - proved reserves 849,500,000,000 (cu m) 28
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 55,200,000 (Mt) 58


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 302,945 116
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,200,000 102
Internet hosts 14,531 127
Internet users 1,465,000 83


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 130 43
Roadways 45,985 (km) 80
Merchant marine 5 128


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 11.40 (% of GDP) 1

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman
The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems and is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500, but archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems ...
Arabian Oryx Sanctuary
The Arabian Oryx Sanctuary is an area within the Central Desert and Coastal Hills biogeographical regions of Oman. Seasonal fogs and dews support a unique desert ecosystem whose diverse flora includes several endemic plants. Its rare fauna includes t ...
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn
The protohistoric site of Bat lies near a palm grove in the interior of the Sultanate of Oman. Together with the neighbouring sites, it forms the most complete collection of settlements and necropolises from the 3rd millennium B.C. in the world. ...
Bahla Fort
The oasis of Bahla owes its prosperity to the Banu Nebhan, the dominant tribe in the area from the 12th to the end of the 15th century. The ruins of the immense fort, with its walls and towers of unbaked brick and its stone foundations, is a remarkab ...
Land of Frankincense
The frankincense trees of Wadi Dawkah and the remains of the caravan oasis of Shisr/Wubar and the affiliated ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed vividly illustrate the trade in frankincense that flourished in this region for many centuries, as one of th ...