Papua New Guinea Flag Icon

Papua New Guinea Country Guide

Explore Papua New Guinea in Oceania

Papua New Guinea with the capital city Port Moresby is located in Oceania (Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean). It covers some 462,841 square kilometres (slightly larger than California) with 5,921,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills. The average density of population is approximately 13 per km². The notable climate conditions in Papua New Guinea can be described as tropical with northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October), slight seasonal temperature variation. Potential threats by nature are active volcanism or situated along the Pacific ", Ring of Fire", , the country being subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes, mud slides or tsunamis.

To reach someone in Papua New Guinea dial +675 prior to a number. There are 60,000 installed telephones. And there are 900,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".pg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Papua New Guinea

Divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red with a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black with five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered; red, black, and yellow are traditional colors of Papua New Guinea; the bird of paradise - endemic to the island of New Guinea - is an emblem of regional tribal culture and represents the emergence of Papua New Guinea as a nation; the Southern Cross, visible in the night sky, symbolizes Papua New Guinea's connection with Australia and several other countries in the South Pacific.

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Oceania
Neighbours: Indonesia
Capital: Port Moresby
Size 462,840 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 178,704 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly larger than California
Population 5,921,000
Currency Name: Kina, Currency Code: PGK
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .pg
Telephone Country Prefix +675
Mobile Phone Connections 900,000
Landline Phone Connections 60,000

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 462,840 (sq km) 55

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 6,431,902 105
Population growth rate 1.89 (%) 61
Birth rate 25.40 (births/1,000 population) 56
Death rate 6.54 (deaths/1,000 population) 148
Maternal mortality rate 230.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 50
Infant mortality rate 40.84 (deaths/1,000 live births) 54
Life expectancy at birth 66.66 (years) 168
Total fertility rate 3.31 (children born/woman) 51
Health expenditures 3.60 (% of GDP) 173
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.90 (%) 52
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 34,000 66
HIV/AIDS - deaths 1,300 62
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 16.20 (%) 115
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 18.10 (%) 40


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 19,410,000,000 134
GDP - real growth rate 9.10 (%) 13
GDP - per capita (PPP) 2,800 179
Labor force 3,986,000 92
Unemployment rate 1.90 (%) 11
Distribution of family income - Gini index 51 18
Investment (gross fixed) 20.60 (% of GDP) 86
Taxes and other revenues 31.4 (% of GDP) 86
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 0.10 (% of GDP) 40
Public debt 23.30 (% of GDP) 123
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6.20 (%) 165
Central bank discount rate 6.92 (%) 44
Commercial bank prime lending rate 10.81 (%) 79
Stock of narrow money 5,685,000,000 96
Stock of broad money 8,624,000,000 111
Stock of domestic credit 3,585,000,000 127
Market value of publicly traded shares 9,742,000,000 73
Industrial production growth rate 10.00 (%) 12
Current account balance -4,381,000,000 161
Exports 7,362,000,000 102
Imports 5,269,000,000 125
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 5,207,000,000 90
Debt - external 4,860,000,000 118


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 3,331,000,000 (kWh) 128
Electricity - consumption 3,098,000,000 (kWh) 133
Electricity - installed generating capacity 700000 (kW) 130
Electricity - from fossil fuels 61.1 (% of total installed capacity) 136
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 30.9 (% of total installed capacity) 75
Electricity - from other renewable sources 8.0 (% of total installed capacity) 25
Crude oil - production 30,000 (bbl/day) 66
Crude oil - imports 15,100 (bbl/day) 74
Crude oil - proved reserves 170000000 (bbl) 66
Refined petroleum products - production 16,080 (bbl/day) 101
Refined petroleum products - consumption 36,320 (bbl/day) 112
Refined petroleum products - exports 3,536 (bbl/day) 100
Refined petroleum products - imports 7,201 (bbl/day) 141
Natural gas - production 110,000,000 (cu m) 80
Natural gas - consumption 110,000,000 (cu m) 105
Natural gas - proved reserves 155,300,000,000 (cu m) 49
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 5,306,000 (Mt) 121


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 130,000 141
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,400,000 133
Internet hosts 5,006 145
Internet users 125,000 152


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 562 12
Roadways 9,349 (km) 136
Waterways 11,000 (km) 12
Merchant marine 31 83


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 0.50 (% of GDP) 160

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Kuk Early Agricultural Site
Kuk Early Agricultural Site consists of 116 ha of swamps in the western highlands of New Guinea 1,500 metres above sea-level. Archaeological excavation has revealed the landscape to be one of wetland reclamation worked almost continuously for 7,000, ...