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Qatar Country Guide

Explore Qatar in Asia

Qatar with the capital city Doha is located in Asia (Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia). It covers some 11,438 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Connecticut) with 928,000 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The landscape offers mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel. The average density of population is approximately 81 per km². The notable climate conditions in Qatar can be described as arid with mild, pleasant winters, very hot, humid summers. Potential threats by nature are haze, dust storms, sandstorms common.

To reach someone in Qatar dial +974 prior to a number. There are 285,300 installed telephones. And there are 2,472,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".qa". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 240V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Qatar

Maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side; maroon represents the blood shed in Qatari wars, white stands for peace; the nine-pointed serrated edge signifies Qatar as the ninth member of the "reconciled emirates" in the wake of the Qatari-British treaty of 1916
note: the other eight emirates are the seven that compose the UAE and Bahrain; according to some sources, the dominant color was formerly red, but this darkened to maroon upon exposure to the sun and the new shade was eventually adopted.

Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew the father in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar has not experienced the level of unrest or violence seen in other Near Eastern and North African countries in 2010-11, due in part to its immense wealth. Qatar's international image is bolstered in part by the Doha-based Al Jazeera news network, which has provided comprehensive coverage of the Near East and North African Arab revolutions. Additionally, Qatar played a significant role in the Libyan revolution by pressing the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Arab League to assist the Libyan rebel movement.

Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Asia
Neighbours: Saudi Arabia
Capital: Doha
Size 11,437 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 4,416 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Connecticut
Population 928,000
Currency Name: Rial, Currency Code: QAR
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .qa
Telephone Country Prefix +974
Mobile Phone Connections 2,472,000
Landline Phone Connections 285,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).


Value name Value World Rank
Area 11,586 (sq km) 166

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 2,042,444 146
Population growth rate 4.19 (%) 3
Birth rate 10.08 (births/1,000 population) 193
Death rate 1.54 (deaths/1,000 population) 224
Net migration rate 33.31 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 2
Maternal mortality rate 7.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 167
Infant mortality rate 6.60 (deaths/1,000 live births) 165
Life expectancy at birth 78.24 (years) 54
Total fertility rate 1.92 (children born/woman) 138
Health expenditures 1.80 (% of GDP) 191
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 154
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 200 159
HIV/AIDS - deaths 100 149
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 33.20 (%) 16
Education expenditures 2.50 (% of GDP) 157
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 1.3 (%) 142


Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 191,000,000,000 59
GDP - real growth rate 6.60 (%) 33
GDP - per capita (PPP) 103,900 1
Labor force 1,430,000 132
Unemployment rate 0.50 (%) 3
Investment (gross fixed) 28.20 (% of GDP) 29
Taxes and other revenues 34.2 (% of GDP) 65
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 6.30 (% of GDP) 11
Public debt 32.50 (% of GDP) 108
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.90 (%) 31
Central bank discount rate 4.50 (%) 79
Commercial bank prime lending rate 5.50 (%) 150
Stock of narrow money 26,470,000,000 62
Stock of broad money 97,970,000,000 54
Stock of domestic credit 140,900,000,000 46
Market value of publicly traded shares 123,600,000,000 38
Industrial production growth rate 27.10 (%) 1
Current account balance 58,570,000,000 10
Exports 117,700,000,000 34
Imports 23,490,000,000 71
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 25,970,000,000 53
Debt - external 137,000,000,000 39
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 43,830,000,000 57
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 37,340,000,000 40


Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 28,140,000,000 (kWh) 67
Electricity - consumption 26,380,000,000 (kWh) 66
Electricity - exports 200,000 (kWh) 88
Electricity - installed generating capacity 3893000 (kW) 80
Electricity - from fossil fuels 100.0 (% of total installed capacity) 32
Crude oil - production 1,631,000 (bbl/day) 19
Crude oil - exports 704,300 (bbl/day) 19
Crude oil - proved reserves 25570000000 (bbl) 14
Refined petroleum products - production 153,800 (bbl/day) 67
Refined petroleum products - consumption 169,900 (bbl/day) 63
Refined petroleum products - exports 53,230 (bbl/day) 56
Refined petroleum products - imports 11,940 (bbl/day) 129
Natural gas - production 116,700,000,000 (cu m) 7
Natural gas - consumption 21,800,000,000 (cu m) 36
Natural gas - exports 113,400,000,000 (cu m) 3
Natural gas - proved reserves 25,200,000,000,000 (cu m) 4
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 64,680,000 (Mt) 51


Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 306,700 114
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,302,000 135
Internet hosts 897 173
Internet users 563,800 117


Value name Value World Rank
Airports 6 173
Roadways 7,790 (km) 143
Merchant marine 28 87


Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 10.00 (% of GDP) 3

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

List of current world heritage sites

Name Since
Al Zubarah Archaeological Site
The walled coastal town of Al Zubarah in the Gulf flourished as a pearling and trading centre in the late 18th century and early 19th centuries, before it was destroyed in 1811 and abandoned in the early 1900s. Founded by merchants from Kuwait, Al ...