Republic of the Congo Flag Icon

Republic of the Congo Country Guide

Explore Republic of the Congo in Africa

Republic of the Congo with the capital city Brazzaville is located in Africa (Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 342,001 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Montana) with 3,039,126 citizens.

Map of the area of  in

The topography includes coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin. The average density of population is approximately 9 per km². The notable climate conditions in Republic of the Congo can be described as tropical with rainy season (March to June), dry season (June to October), persistent high temperatures and humidity, particularly enervating climate astride the Equator. Possible natural disasters include seasonal flooding.

To reach someone in Republic of the Congo dial +242 prior to a number. There are 24,300 installed telephones. And there are 2,171,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks commonly support frequencies of 900, 1800 Mhz. Websites registered in this country end with the top level domain ".cg". If you want to bring electric equipment on your trip (e.g. laptop power supply), note the local power outlet of 230V - 50Hz.

About the flag and history of Republic of the Congo

Divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red; green symbolizes agriculture and forests, yellow the friendship and nobility of the people, red is unexplained but has been associated with the struggle for independence
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia.

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government took office in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso, and ushered in a period of ethnic and political unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo is one of Africa's largest petroleum producers, but with declining production it will need new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.


Geography Quick-Facts

Summary Continent: Africa
Neighbours: Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, Angola
Capital: Brazzaville
Size 342,000 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 132,047 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Montana
Population 3,039,126
Currency Name: Franc, Currency Code: XAF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .cg
Telephone Country Prefix +242
Mobile Phone Connections 2,171,000
Landline Phone Connections 24,300

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Value name Value World Rank
Area 342,000 (sq km) 64

People and Society

Value name Value World Rank
Population 4,492,689 123
Population growth rate 2.86 (%) 15
Birth rate 39.63 (births/1,000 population) 9
Death rate 11.03 (deaths/1,000 population) 38
Maternal mortality rate 560.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 15
Infant mortality rate 72.45 (deaths/1,000 live births) 16
Life expectancy at birth 55.60 (years) 201
Total fertility rate 5.49 (children born/woman) 11
Health expenditures 2.50 (% of GDP) 187
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 3.40 (%) 18
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 77,000 46
HIV/AIDS - deaths 5,100 37
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4.70 (%) 163
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.80 (%) 60
Education expenditures 6.20 (% of GDP) 33

Economy

Value name Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 19,410,000,000 135
GDP - real growth rate 3.80 (%) 88
GDP - per capita (PPP) 4,700 164
Labor force 2,890,000 104
Unemployment rate 53.00 (%) 195
Investment (gross fixed) 45.20 (% of GDP) 4
Taxes and other revenues 58.8 (% of GDP) 8
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 15.50 (% of GDP) 4
Public debt 18.30 (% of GDP) 131
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.10 (%) 140
Central bank discount rate 4.75 (%) 77
Commercial bank prime lending rate 15.00 (%) 45
Stock of narrow money 3,341,000,000 115
Stock of broad money 3,753,000,000 136
Stock of domestic credit 2,392,000,000 135
Industrial production growth rate 12.00 (%) 5
Current account balance 1,277,000,000 41
Exports 12,350,000,000 86
Imports 4,751,000,000 130
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 6,033,000,000 84
Debt - external 4,225,000,000 123

Energy

Value name Value World Rank
Electricity - production 559,000,000 (kWh) 160
Electricity - consumption 588,000,000 (kWh) 166
Electricity - imports 470,000,000 (kWh) 79
Electricity - installed generating capacity 559000 (kW) 133
Electricity - from fossil fuels 51.2 (% of total installed capacity) 156
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 48.8 (% of total installed capacity) 42
Crude oil - production 298,000 (bbl/day) 36
Crude oil - exports 290,000 (bbl/day) 26
Crude oil - proved reserves 1600000000 (bbl) 36
Refined petroleum products - production 10,460 (bbl/day) 105
Refined petroleum products - consumption 10,710 (bbl/day) 153
Refined petroleum products - exports 5,146 (bbl/day) 97
Refined petroleum products - imports 5,326 (bbl/day) 153
Natural gas - production 946,000,000 (cu m) 66
Natural gas - consumption 930,000,000 (cu m) 91
Natural gas - exports 39,000,000 (cu m) 47
Natural gas - proved reserves 90,610,000,000 (cu m) 59
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 6,518,000 (Mt) 116

Communications

Value name Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 14,200 196
Telephones - mobile cellular 3,885,000 117
Internet hosts 45 216
Internet users 245,200 136

Transportation

Value name Value World Rank
Airports 25 129
Railways 886 (km) 94
Roadways 17,289 (km) 117
Waterways 1,120 (km) 62
Merchant marine 1 147

Military

Value name Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.70 (% of GDP) 86

Data based on CIA facts book 2010 & 2013, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases

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